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Virgin Orbit launches 7 satellites on third-ever space mission

Virgin Orbit's carrier plane, known as Cosmic Girl, heads down the runway at California's Mojave Air and Space Port on June 30, 2021, kicking off the "Tubular Bells: Part One" mission.
Virgin Orbit's carrier plane, known as Cosmic Girl, heads down the runway at California's Mojave Air and Space Port on June 30, 2021, kicking off the "Tubular Bells: Part One" mission. (Image credit: Virgin Orbit)

Virgin Orbit now has two successful launches under its belt.

The company lofted seven satellites today (June 30), taking a big step toward regular and reliable commercial launch service.

Virgin Orbit's carrier plane, a modified Boeing 747 called Cosmic Girl, took off from California's Mojave Air and Space Port today around 9:50 a.m. EDT (1350 GMT; 6:50 a.m. local time) with the two-stage LauncherOne rocket under its wing. 

At 10:47 a.m. EDT (1447 GMT; 7:47 a.m. local California time), Cosmic Girl dropped LauncherOne over the designated launch zone — a patch of the Pacific Ocean near the Channel Islands — and the rocket roared to life, carrying the spacecraft into the final frontier. 

Nearly two hours later, Virgin Orbit confirmed that all seven payloads had been deployed as planned into their target orbits.

In photos: Virgin Orbit's LauncherOne rocket for satellite missions

Virgin Orbit, part of Richard Branson's Virgin Group of companies, called today's mission "Tubular Bells: Part One." The name comes from the first track off Mike Oldfield's 1973 album "Tubular Bells," which was the first record ever released by Branson's Virgin Records. 

(You're probably familiar with this song, even if you don't realize it: Its opening notes serve as the theme for the 1973 horror film "The Exorcist.")

"Tubular Bells: Part One" was the third launch overall for Virgin Orbit and the 70-foot-long (21 meters) LauncherOne. The debut mission, a test flight in May 2020, failed to reach orbit after a fuel line ruptured in the rocket's first-stage engine. 

The second launch, also a demonstration mission, lifted off in January 2021. That one was a complete success, delivering to orbit 10 tiny cubesats that flew via NASA's Educational Launch of Nanosatellites program.

"Tubular Bells: Part One" carried seven small cubesats for three different customers. Four of the payloads were developed by the Rapid Agile Launch Initiative, which is part of the U.S. Department of Defense's Space Test Program. 

Another cubesat that went up today, called BRIK II, is the first military satellite ever launched by the Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF). BRIK II "will serve as a testbed for a variety of communications experiments and demonstrate how small satellites can make meaningful contributions to RNLAF's ongoing operations," Virgin Orbit representatives said via Twitter today.

Rounding out today's manifest were the first two Earth-observation satellites launched as part of Polish company SatRevolution's planned 14-spacecraft STORK constellation. 

Virgin Orbit aims to secure a sizable share of the growing small-satellite launch market with Cosmic Girl and LauncherOne, which is capable of delivering 1,100 lbs. (500 kilograms) of payload to orbit. The company says that its air-launch strategy makes it more flexible and responsive than providers that rely on traditional vertically launched rockets. (Another Virgin Group company, Virgin Galactic, uses air launch to get its tourist-carrying SpaceShipTwo vehicle to suborbital space.)

Virgin Orbit plans to conduct at least one more launch this year and then ramp up to six missions in 2022, company CEO Dan Hart told reporters during a telecon yesterday (June 29). All three of Virgin Orbit's missions to date have originated from the Mojave Air and Space Port, as will spaceflight number four. But that should change soon, Hart added.

"We do have plans in place to fly from Guam and Cornwall [in England] next year as well," he said. "So there'll be some geographic diversity as well."

Editor's note: This story was updated at 1:35 p.m. EDT on June 30 with confirmation of successful payload deployment.

Mike Wall is the author of "Out There" (Grand Central Publishing, 2018; illustrated by Karl Tate), a book about the search for alien life. Follow him on Twitter @michaeldwall. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom or Facebook. 

Mike Wall
SPACE.COM SENIOR SPACE WRITER — Michael has been writing for Space.com since 2010. His book about the search for alien life, "Out There," was published on Nov. 13, 2018. Before becoming a science writer, Michael worked as a herpetologist and wildlife biologist. He has a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology from the University of Sydney, Australia, a bachelor's degree from the University of Arizona, and a graduate certificate in science writing from the University of California, Santa Cruz. To find out what his latest project is, you can follow Michael on Twitter. 

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