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Space Launch Calendar 2019: Sky Events, Missions & More

LAST UPDATED Sept. 3: These dates are subject to change, and will be updated throughout the year as firmer dates arise. Please DO NOT schedule travel based on a date you see here. Launch dates collected from NASA, ESA, RoscosmosSpaceflight Now and others.

Watch NASA webcasts and other live launch coverage on our "Watch Live" page, and see our night sky webcasts here. (You can also watch NASA TV live via nasa.gov or YouTube.) 

Find out what's up in the night sky this month with our visible planets guide and skywatching forecast. Spot the International Space Station, Hubble Space Telescope and other satellites in the sky above with this satellite tracker

Wondering what happened today in space history, check out our On This Day in Space video show here!

September

Sept. 6: The unpiloted Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft will undock from the International Space Station at 2:13 p.m. EDT (1813 GMT). [Watch Live]

Sept. 6: Conjunction of the moon and Jupiter. See the first quarter moon pass about 2 degrees to the north of Jupiter in the evening sky.

Sept. 6/7: India's Chandrayaan-2 mission will arrive at the moon. The Vikram lunar lander is expected to touch down at about 1:30-2:30 a.m. India Standard Time on Sept. 7 (4:00-5:00 p.m. EDT on Sept. 6).  

Sept. 8: Conjunction of the moon and Saturn. The waxing gibbous moon will pass less than a degree to the south of Saturn. Catch the pair together in the evening sky. 

Sept. 10: Japan will launch the HTV-8 cargo resupply mission to the International Space Station. It will lift off from the Tanegashima Space Center on a Japanese H-2B rocket at 5:33 p.m. EDT (2133 GMT). [Watch Live]

Sept. 10: Neptune at opposition. This is the best time of year to see Neptune — if you have a good telescope.

Sept. 14: Full Moon. The "Harvest Moon" will reach full phase at 12:33 a.m. EDT (0433 GMT). 

Sept. 14: The Japanese HTV-8 cargo spacecraft will arrive at the International Space Station at 7:10 a.m. EDT (1110 GMT). [Watch Live]

Sept. 23: Equinox. Today is the first day of autumn in the Northern Hemisphere and the first day of spring in the Southern Hemisphere. 

Sept. 25: Three new Expedition 61 crewmembers will launch to the International Space Station in the Soyuz MS-15 spacecraft: NASA astronaut Jessica Meir, Russian cosmonaut Oleg Skripochka, and Hazzaa Ali Almansoori of the United Arab Emirates. They will lift off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on a Russian Soyuz rocket at 9:57 a.m. EDT (1257 GMT). [Watch Live]

Sept. 28: New moon.

Sept. 30: An International Launch Services Proton rocket will launch the Eutelsat 5 West B communications satellite and the first Mission Extension Vehicle for Northrop Grumman. It will lift off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

Also scheduled to launch in September (from Spaceflight Now): 

  • NASA aims to launch the Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) mission after extensive delays caused by problems with the Pegasus XL rocket.
  • An Arianespace Vega rocket will launch on the Small Spacecraft Mission Service (SSMS) proof-of-concept mission with multiple small satellites from Kourou, French Guiana. 

October

Oct. 1: Happy birthday, NASA! The agency turns 61 years old today. 

Oct. 2: In a Change of Command ceremony at the International Space Station, Russian Cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin will hand over command of the space station to European Space Agency astronaut Luca Parmitano. 

Oct. 3: NASA astronaut Nick Hague, Russian cosmonaut Alexey Ovchinin and Hazzaa Ali Almansoori of the United Arab Emirates will return to Earth from the International Space Station. Undocking is scheduled for 3:35 a.m. EDT (0735 GMT), and the crew will land near Dzhezkazgan, Kazakhstan at 6:58 a.m. EDT (1058 GMT). 

Oct. 3: Conjunction of the moon and Jupiter. See the waxing crescent moon pass less than 2 degrees to the north of Jupiter in the evening sky.

Oct. 5: Conjunction of the moon and Saturn. The waxing crescent moon will pass less than a degree to the south of Saturn. Catch the pair together in the evening sky.

Oct. 13: Full Moon. The "Hunter's Moon" will reach full phase at 5:08 p.m. EDT (2108 GMT). 

Oct. 21: Northrop Grumman will launch the Cygnus NG-12 cargo mission to the International Space Station. It will lift off from Wallops Island, Virginia on an Antares rocket at 2:39 p.m. EDT (1839 GMT).

Oct. 21-22: The Orionid meteor shower peaks. 

Oct. 27: New moon.

Oct. 28: Uranus at opposition. Now is a great time to spot Uranus! 

Oct. 31: Conjunction of the moon and Jupiter. This Halloween, look up to see the moon pass about one degree to the north of Jupiter in the evening sky!

Also scheduled to launch in October (from Spaceflight Now): 

  • The Boeing CST-100 Starliner may launch on its first uncrewed mission, called the Orbital Flight Test (OFT), to the International Space Station. It will lift off from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket.
  • India will launch the first Cartosat 3-series Earth observation satellite.
  • A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket is expected to launch the second batch of approximately 60 satellites for SpaceX's Starlink constellation. 

November

Nov. 2: Moon occults Saturn. The moon will pass in front of the ringed planet for skywatchers in New Zealand. Meanwhile, skywatchers in other parts of the world will see the two bodies make a close approach, or a conjunction. 

Nov. 3: Daylight saving time ends. Set your clocks back an hour at 2 a.m. — and maybe enjoy an extra hour of sleep!

Nov. 11-12: Mercury transits the sun. Skywatchers (wearing proper eye protection) can see the small planet Mercury pass in front of the sun. 

Nov. 12: Full Moon. The "Beaver Moon" will reach full phase at 8:34 a.m. EDT (1334 GMT). 

Nov. 17-18: The Leonid meteor shower peaks. 

Nov. 20: A Russian Soyuz rocket will launch 32 satellites for OneWeb's global satellite internet constellation. It will lift off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. 

Nov. 20: Russia will use a Proton rocket to launch the Elektro-L 3 geostationary weather satellite from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. 

Nov. 26: New moon.

Nov. 29: Conjunction of the moon and Saturn. The waxing crescent moon will pass less than a degree to the south of Saturn. Catch the pair together in the evening sky.

Also scheduled to launch in November (from Spaceflight Now): 

  • Boeing's CST-100 Starliner will launch on its first crewed test flight to the International Space Station. 
  • Crew Dragon Demo 2: SpaceX's Crew Dragon spacecraft is scheduled to take its first crewed test flight to the International Space Station with NASA astronauts Doug Hurley and Bob Behnken on board. This will be the Crew Dragon's first test flight with astronauts on board following the uncrewed Demo-1 mission in March. 
  • An Arianespace Vega rocket will launch the United Arab Emirates' Falcon Eye 2 Earth observation satellite from Kourou, French Guiana.
  • A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket will launch the JCSAT 18/Kacific 1 communications satellite from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. 
  • Virgin Orbit's LauncherOne rocket will launch 14 cubesats for the ELaNa-20 rideshare mission. A Boeing 747 named "Cosmic Girl" will air-launch the rocket over the Pacific Ocean after taking off from the Mojave Air and Space Port in California.
  • An Arianespace Soyuz rocket will launch the first COSMO-SkyMed Second Generation (CSG 1) radar surveillance satellite for the Italian space agency. Flying as a secondary payload is the European Space Agency's Characterizing Exoplanet Satellite (CHEOPS). The mission will lift off from the Guiana Space Center in French Guiana.

December

Dec. 12: Full Moon. The "Cold Moon" will reach full phase at 12:12 a.m. EDT (0512 GMT). 

Dec. 13-14: The Geminid meteor shower peaks. 

Dec. 20: A Russian Soyuz rocket will launch a Progress cargo delivery spacecraft to the International Space Station.

Dec. 21: Solstice. Today marks the beginning of winter in the Northern Hemisphere and the beginning of summer in the Southern Hemisphere. 

Dec. 21-22: The Ursid meteor shower peaks. 

Dec. 22: Conjunction of the moon and Mars. Watch the moon pass about 3 degrees to the north of Mars in the dawn sky. 

Dec. 25-26: An annular solar eclipse will be visible from the Arabian Peninsula to Indonesia. A partial solar eclipse will be visible across much of Asia, the Middle East, Australia and western Africa. 

Dec. 28: Conjunction of the moon and Venus. See the slender crescent moon pass within 1 degree of the "evening star" tonight. 

Also scheduled to launch in December (from Spaceflight Now):

  • India’s Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV) will launch on its first orbital test flight. It will launch from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, India.

More coming in 2019...

  • China will launch the Chang'e 5 mission to return samples from the moon. It will be the first lunar sample return mission attempted since 1976. 
  • India's Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV) will launch on its first commercial mission with four Earth observation satellites for BlackSky Global. It will lift off from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, India.

Please send any corrections, updates or suggested calendar additions to hweitering@space.com. Follow Space.com for the latest in space science and exploration news on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook.

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