NASA: Shuttle Launch Paves Way to Larger Space Station

NASA: Shuttle Launch Paves Way to Larger Space Station
The Space Shuttle Discovery thunders off the launch pad during liftoff Tuesday Oct. 23, 2007 at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla. (Image credit: AP Photo/Chris O'Meara)

CAPECANAVERAL, Fla. - The successful Tuesday launch of NASA?s shuttle Discovery hasopened the gate for a busy few months of construction at the InternationalSpace Station (ISS).

Discoveryand its seven-astronaut crew launchedinto space at 11:38 a.m. EDT (1538 GMT) from NASA?s Kennedy Space Centerhere to deliver the Harmony connecting node that will anchor futurelaboratories to the ISS.

?This is agreat start to a very challenging mission in front of us,? said NASA?s spaceoperations chief Bill Gerstenmaier said after liftoff. ?I can?t think of abetter start to this mission than what we got today.?

The shuttle?sSTS-120 crew, commanded by veteran spaceflyer Pamela Melroy, will installHarmony, ferry a new station crewmember to the ISS and move a massive solarpower segment during a complicated 14-dayspaceflight.

Once the missionis complete, the space station?s Expedition 16 crew will begin a three-week workmarathon to outfit Harmony with a shuttle docking port and move the module tothe front of the ISS so NASA?s shuttle Atlantis can dock in December to deliverEurope?s Columbus laboratory. No less than 10 spacewalks by shuttle and ISSastronauts are planned before the end of the year.

?Am I worried?No, we?ll do fine,? said Gerstenmaier, adding that there is more a sense ofanticipation, rather than relief, that a new stage of ISS construction is underway. ?Is it exciting? Yes, [and] that?s okay.?

NASA launchdirector Mike Leinbach told reporters that Discovery?s liftoff marked the firsttime since the agency resumedshuttle flights in 2005 that it launched an orbiter on time for the thirdtime in a row. The shuttles Atlantis and Endeavour, which launched in June andAugust, respectively, also lifted off on their first attempts.

?It?s beenquite some time,? said Leinbach, adding that he hopes Atlantis?s planned Dec. 6launch will continue the streak.

Heatshield inspection on tap

Gerstenmaiersaid the agency is now turning its attention to imagery and video taken ofDiscovery during liftoff to determine the health of the spacecraft?sheat shield.

Apreliminary review found six separate instances of foam debris popping freefrom Discovery?s fuel tank during flight, but none of them occurred earlyenough to cause significant damage to the orbiter, Gerstenmaier said. ?

AboardDiscovery, STS-120 mission specialist Scott Parazynski reported what he deemed ?novisible loss of big pieces of foam? after photographing the shuttle?s discardedfuel tank as it floated away.

?It?spreliminary only, but it looks like a clean ascent,? astronaut Terry Virts toldDiscovery?s STS-120 crew from NASA?s Mission Control in Houston, Texas.

?That?sgreat news,? Melroy replied.

Much of asmall patch of ice on a liquid hydrogen pipe running between the aft end ofDiscovery and its external tank before launch appeared to shake off duringliftoff as expected, mission managers said. The ice was attached to a baggymaterial, allowing the ice to fall off on the launch pad where it posed no riskto the shuttle, Leinbach added.

A detailedinspection of Discovery?s wing-mounted reinforced carbon-carbon (RCC) panels,which experience the most extreme temperatures during landing, will beconducted by the STS-120 astronauts on Wednesday. The astronauts will scan eachwing a bit slower than usual with a sensor-tipped extension of Discovery?srobotic arm to look for any hints of defects in the exterior coating of theirheat-resistant panels.

Beforelaunch, shuttle engineers were split on whether to replace three of Discovery?s44 RCC panels after a new inspection technique showed indicationsof possible coating defects. After a lengthy discussion last week, top missionmanagers found Discovery safe for launch.

Gerstenmaierstressed after today?s successful launch that the decision to fly was not arush to judgment.

?We?re notin any shape or form playing fast and loose,? Gerstenmaier said. ?We?re goingabove and beyond to make sure we are safe to go fly.?

NASA isbroadcasting Discovery's STS-120 launch and mission operations live on NASA. Click here for mission updatesand NASA TV from

  • Video Interplayer: Delivering 'Harmony' with NASA's STS-120 Mission
  • Test Your Smarts: Space Shuttle Countdown Quiz
  • Complete Space Shuttle Mission Coverage


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Tariq Malik

Tariq is the Editor-in-Chief of and joined the team in 2001, first as an intern and staff writer, and later as an editor. He covers human spaceflight, exploration and space science, as well as skywatching and entertainment. He became's Managing Editor in 2009 and Editor-in-Chief in 2019. Before joining, Tariq was a staff reporter for The Los Angeles Times covering education and city beats in La Habra, Fullerton and Huntington Beach. In October 2022, Tariq received the Harry Kolcum Award for excellence in space reporting from the National Space Club Florida Committee. He is also an Eagle Scout (yes, he has the Space Exploration merit badge) and went to Space Camp four times as a kid and a fifth time as an adult. He has journalism degrees from the University of Southern California and New York University. You can find Tariq at and as the co-host to the This Week In Space podcast with space historian Rod Pyle on the TWiT network. To see his latest project, you can follow Tariq on Twitter @tariqjmalik.