Russia launches Soyuz capsule without crew to replace leaky spaceship at space station

Relief is on the way for three astronauts who currently depend on a leaky spacecraft docked with the International Space Station.

A replacement Russian Soyuz spacecraft, called MS-23, is bound for the International Space Station  (ISS) to be the new ride home for cosmonauts Sergey Prokopyev and Dmitry Petelin and NASA astronaut Frank Rubio. Launch occurred flawlessly Thursday (Feb. 23) from the Russia-run Baikonur Cosmodrome at 7:24 p.m. EST (0024 GMT or 3:34 a.m. local time Friday, Feb. 24). 

"A nominal ascent into orbit for Soyuz MS-23," NASA spokesperson Rob Navias said during live launch commentary. "A perfect ride to orbit for the vehicle that will bring home Frank Rubio, Sergey Prokopyev and Dmitry Petelin later this year."

Soyuz MS-23 is scheduled to dock with the ISS on Saturday (Feb. 25) to finally give the three crew members a fully functional lifeboat for the first time in two months following a coolant leak on their older Soyuz MS-22. Docking is expected at 8:01 p.m. EST Feb. 26 (0101 GMT Feb. 27) and will be carried live here at, via NASA Television

The Soyuz launch and docking take place amid a very busy week for ISS activities, as SpaceX's Crew-6 Crew Dragon spacecraft is expected to launch four astronauts for NASA on Monday (Feb. 27) for its own docking about 24 hours later. Both events will be simulcast on from NASA Television. 

Related: Russia releases 1st images of damage to leaky Soyuz spacecraft (photos)

A Russian Soyuz rocket carrying the Soyuz MS-23 spacecraft launches without a crew, a rarity, from Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan on Feb. 24, 2023 local time. The spacecraft will replace a leaky Soyuz at the station for three crewmembers.  (Image credit: NASA TV)

Troubles for the trio of Expedition 69 crew members began on Dec. 14 after their docked Soyuz, called MS-22, sprung a coolant leak. While the incident posed no immediate threat to the ISS or its activities, Russian federal space agency Roscosmos determined a new Soyuz was needed to replace the leaky MS-22. A micrometeoroid impact on the Soyuz has been cited as the leak's cause, Roscosmos has said.

Scheduling that Soyuz launch ran into quite a few hiccups. At first, Soyuz MS-23 was scheduled to fly a normal crew replacement mission for the late spring. Roscosmos pushed it up to Feb. 19 and elected to launch it without crew, to give three full seats for the stuck Soyuz MS-22 crew. Instead of people, it is carrying 945 pounds of supplies and a toy teddy bear to serve as a weightlessness indicator.

The small teddy bear inside the Soyuz MS-23 spacecraft to serve as a zero gravity indicator. In the background are bags of supplies launched in place of a crew for the International Space Station. (Image credit: NASA TV)

There were options to bring the crew home in the meantime in case of emergency; two cosmonauts could use the damaged MS-22, Roscosmos said, as two crew members would heat up the spacecraft to a lesser degree than three. Rubio, meanwhile, would use an extra seat on the already docked SpaceX Crew-5 spacecraft, joining four other astronauts should the need to leave the ISS arise.

Related: Russia to launch replacement Soyuz to space station on Thursday (Feb. 23)

The schedule of launching Soyuz MS-23 was further complicated after a Progress-82 freighter coolant leak at the complex on Feb. 11. At first, Roscosmos held the launch of Soyuz MS-23 until March in case the two spacecraft had related leaks. Fresh pictures of Progress after the scheduled undocking on Feb. 17, however, allowed Roscosmos to push through an accelerated Soyuz launch date of Feb. 23.

An image shared on Telegram by the Russian space agency Roscosmos showing the location of a coolant leak and reported meteoroid strike. (Image credit: Roscosmos via Telegram)

The two coolant leaks, Roscosmos officials determined, were not related and were caused by separate micrometeoroid strikes on each spacecraft. Nevertheless, the schedule shuffle has caused a big change to ISS activities: The three Soyuz MS-22/MS-23 crew members will double their time in space to about a year, to September 2023.

The extra time in space will allow Roscosmos to launch yet another Soyuz, this time with crew, to serve as relief for the trio of Expedition 69 crew members. The crewed Soyuz MS-24 will likely launch in September, according to the SpaceflightNow launch calendar.

Elizabeth Howell is the co-author of "Why Am I Taller?" (ECW Press, 2022; with Canadian astronaut Dave Williams), a book about space medicine. Follow her on Twitter @howellspace. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom or Facebook.

Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at:

Elizabeth Howell
Staff Writer, Spaceflight

Elizabeth Howell (she/her), Ph.D., is a staff writer in the spaceflight channel since 2022 covering diversity, education and gaming as well. She was contributing writer for for 10 years before joining full-time. Elizabeth's reporting includes multiple exclusives with the White House and Office of the Vice-President of the United States, an exclusive conversation with aspiring space tourist (and NSYNC bassist) Lance Bass, speaking several times with the International Space Station, witnessing five human spaceflight launches on two continents, flying parabolic, working inside a spacesuit, and participating in a simulated Mars mission. Her latest book, "Why Am I Taller?", is co-written with astronaut Dave Williams. Elizabeth holds a Ph.D. and M.Sc. in Space Studies from the University of North Dakota, a Bachelor of Journalism from Canada's Carleton University and a Bachelor of History from Canada's Athabasca University. Elizabeth is also a post-secondary instructor in communications and science at several institutions since 2015; her experience includes developing and teaching an astronomy course at Canada's Algonquin College (with Indigenous content as well) to more than 1,000 students since 2020. Elizabeth first got interested in space after watching the movie Apollo 13 in 1996, and still wants to be an astronaut someday. Mastodon: