Space Shuttle Crew Prepares for Landing

Space Shuttle Crew Prepares for Landing
The shuttle Atlantis is backdropped by the Earth in this view from the International Space Station taken after undocking on Feb. 18, 2008.
(Image: © NASA TV.)

Thisstory was updated at 2:03 a.m. EST.

CAPECANAVERAL, Fla. - Astronauts aboard NASA?s shuttle Atlantis are converting theirspacecraft back into a 100-ton glider today as they gear up for a plannedWednesday landing.

Shuttlecommander Stephen Frick and pilot Alan Poindexter will fire Atlantis? thrustersand test vital systems to ensure their spacecraft is ready to once again flythrough the Earth?s atmosphere.

?We?relooking forward to getting home, and we?re headed home now,? Frick said afterAtlantis undockedfrom the space station early Monday.

Atlantis?seven-astronaut crew is due to land at 9:07 a.m. EST (1407 GMT) on a runway atNASA?s Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla., here to conclude a successful13-day mission to the International Space Station (ISS). The astronauts delivered the European Space Agency?s (ESA) 1.4 billioneuro ($2 billion) Columbus laboratory to the ISS and swapped out one member ofthe station?s three-person crew.

?Thismission has gone extremely well,? said Mike Sarafin, NASA?s lead shuttle flightdirector for Atlantis? spaceflight.

Engineers didtackle a glitch overnight with heaters for four of Atlantis? aft-mountedvernier thrusters used for attitude control. The heaters appeared to havefailed, but the glitch does not pose a safety concern for the shuttle crew?slanding, NASA officials said. The shuttle has a total of 44 thrusters that makeup its reaction control system.

?They are smallattitude control jets and they are not used during deorbit maneuvers,? saidNASA mission commentator Lynette Madison. ?There are no power or propellantconcerns.?

Mission Controlradioed the Atlantis astronauts early today with an update on the glitch, adding that the crew may fly some unplanned maneuvers to keep the unheated thrusters from growing too cold.

?Thanks a lot forthose words,? said Frick, whose crew awoke to the song ?Always Look on theBright Side of Life? from the musical ?Spamalot? - a tune chosen especially forhim - this morning. ?We kind of figured we would be down [vernier jets] from now on but it isgood to hear we don't have any power or prop concerns.?

Sarafinsaid the shuttle astronauts and Mission Control accomplished all of their goalsdespite some major changes, including the unexpectedillness of German astronaut Hans Schlegel, of the ESA, that kept him fromparticipating in one of the mission?sthree spacewalks and added a day to the spaceflight.

?I couldn?tbe prouder of them,? Sarafinsaid of the Atlantis crew and flight controllers on Earth. ?We learned that wehad a good process in place.?

Atlantishas four landing opportunities on Feb. 20; two at KSC and two others at abackup runway at California?s Edwards Air Force Base. NASA hopes to landWednesday to give the U.S. military more time to shootdown an ailing spy satellite laden with a half-ton of toxic hydrazinerocket fuel.

?Generally,the weather looks favorable at the Kennedy Space Center,? Sarafin said, adding that missionmanagers were drawing up a landing strategy on Monday.

Engineerswere also analyzing imagery from the Atlantis crew?s final inspection of theirspacecraft?s heat shield late to seek out any new damage from micrometeoritesor orbital debris during the mission. The orbiter was already cleared of anyconcerns related to launch debris last week.

Gravity?sembrace

Atlantis astronautswill spend time stowing away final bits of cargo and setting up a recumbentseat for their newest crewmember - U.S. astronaut Dan Tani - who is returningto Earth after a four-month flight to the ISS.

Tani joinedthe station?s Expedition 16 crew during NASA?s last shuttle flight in lateOctober and originally hoped to return home in mid-December. But delays toAtlantis? current mission added an extra two months to his orbital trek.

Therecumbent seat, which will allow Tani to weather Atlantis? landing in areclining position, is designed to ease his return to Earth?s gravity aftermonths of weightlessness.

?I?ve beenworking out on the treadmill quite a bit,? Tani said of his preparations,adding that past long-duration crewmembers have found the exercise regimehelpful. ?Other than that, there?s not really a lot much more preparation thatI can really do.?

Tani?sreplacement, ESA astronaut LeopoldEyharts of France, launched aboard Atlantis on Feb. 7 and stayed aboard thestation to continue the commissioning of the Columbus laboratory until lateMarch.

?I'd liketo say that Dan is a great guy,? Eyharts said before Tani left the station. ?Ihope that in a few weeks, we'll be able to do 1/100th of what he is able to dotoday.?

NASA isbroadcasting Atlantis' STS-122 mission live on NASA TV. Click here for SPACE.com'sshuttle mission coverage and NASA TV feed. 

 

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