Apollo 17 Commander Eugene Cernan today received NASA's first Ambassador ofExploration Award during the Naval Aviation Symposium at the U.S. Naval AirStation in Pensacola, Fla. The award, which features a piece of moon rock, willremain on display at the National Museum of Naval Aviation.
In a letter read to Cernan at today's symposium, NASA Administrator MichaelGriffin wrote, "Your outstanding service on three space missions,including two Apollo voyages to the moon, and your challenge to America's youthto 'take us back out there where we belong,' have demonstrated the essence ofwhat our Ambassador of Exploration Awards are all about."
The Ambassador of Exploration Awardwas announced last July during the 35th anniversary celebration of the Apollo11 lunar landing. It recognizes the sacrifices and dedication of the Apollo,Gemini and Mercury veterans.
Each astronaut or their survivingfamily will be presented with a lunar sample, part of the 842 pounds of moonrock and soil returned during the six moon landings from 1969 to 1972. CBSanchor Walter Cronkite is also an honoree.
Cernan, a Captain in the U.S. Navy, lefthis mark on the history of exploration by flying three times in space, twice tothe moon. He also holds the distinction of being the second American to walk inspace and the last human to leave his footprints on the lunar surface.
He was one of 14 astronauts selectedin October 1963. He piloted the Gemini 9 mission with Commander Tom Stafford ona three-day flight in June 1966. Cernan logged morethan two hours outside the orbiting capsule.
In May 1969, he was the lunar modulepilot on Apollo 10, the first lunar orbit test of the lunar module. The missionconfirmed the performance, stability, and reliability of the Apollo spacecraft.The flight included coming within eight miles of the moon's surface.
Cernan ended his astronaut career ascommander of the final manned mission to the moon in December 1972. Apollo 17set several new records for human space flight, including the longest lunarlanding flight (301 hours, 51 minutes); longest lunar surface extravehicularactivities (22 hours, 6 minutes); largest lunar sample return (nearly 249 pounds); andlongest time in lunar orbit (147 hours, 48 minutes).
As he left the lunar surface, Cernan said, "America's challenge of today has forgedman's destiny of tomorrow. As we leave the moon and Taurus-Littrow,we leave as we came, and, God willing, we shall return, with peace and hope forall mankind."
The Ambassador of Exploration Awardsremains NASA's property. The recipients, working with the space agency, selecta museum or other educational institution where their awards will be displayedin their name to help inspire a new generation of explorers.
As an Ambassador of Exploration, therecipients will help NASA communicate the benefits of space exploration andwork to inspire students to pursue careers in science, mathematics andengineering.
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Robert Pearlman is a space historian, journalist and the founder and editor of collectSPACE.com, an online publication and community devoted to space history with a particular focus on how and where space exploration intersects with pop culture. Pearlman is also a contributing writer for Space.com and co-author of "Space Stations: The Art, Science, and Reality of Working in Space” published by Smithsonian Books in 2018. He previously developed online content for the National Space Society and Apollo 11 moonwalker Buzz Aldrin, helped establish the space tourism company Space Adventures and currently serves on the History Committee of the American Astronautical Society, the advisory committee for The Mars Generation and leadership board of For All Moonkind. In 2009, he was inducted into the U.S. Space Camp Hall of Fame in Huntsville, Alabama. In 2021, he was honored by the American Astronautical Society with the Ordway Award for Sustained Excellence in Spaceflight History.