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Record-breaking US astronaut and Russian crewmates return to Earth from space station

A record-setting American astronaut and his two Russian crewmates have returned together from the International Space Station, showing that cooperation in space can continue even as tensions on the ground run high.

Mark Vande Hei of NASA, who at 355 days has now spent more time on a single space mission than any other U.S. astronaut in history, landed alongside his two Expedition 66 colleagues (opens in new tab), cosmonauts Pyotr Dubrov and Anton Shkaplerov of Roscosmos, Russia's space corporation. The three touched down on Wednesday (March 30) at 7:28 a.m. EDT (1128 GMT or 5:28 p.m. local) on Russia's Soyuz MS-19 spacecraft, descending to the steppe of Kazakhstan, southeast of the town of Dzhezkazgan. Their landing came just of four hours after departing the International Space Station.

"I've had an indoor job, 24/7, for almost a year, so I am looking forward to being outside, no matter what kind of weather," Vande Hei said prior to leaving the space station. After landing, he and his two crewmates were met by Roscosmos and NASA recovery teams, who helped them out of the Soyuz and into chairs, where they briefly sat outside, beginning to adjust to gravity and receiving a preliminary medical check.

Video: Astronaut Mark Vande Hei on his near-year in space
Related: Mission updates from the International Space Station

Soyuz MS-19 crewmates Anton Shkaplerov (at left), Mark Vande Hei (center) and Pyotr Dubrov as seen after returning to Earth from the International Space Station on Wednesday, March 30, 2022. (Image credit: NASA TV)

For Dubrov, it was also the end of a 355-day mission, having launched with Vande Hei in April 2021 (opens in new tab). Shkaplerov wrapped a 175-day stay on the station, during which he served as commander of the Expedition 66 crew.

"We worked very hard, like one crew, and we didn't have problems," Shkaplerov said during a brief change of command ceremony on Tuesday.

Despite their countries' strained relations over Russia's invasion of Ukraine (opens in new tab), Shkaplerov called his American and European crewmates his "space brothers and space sister."

Returning from the International Space Station, Russia's Soyuz MS-19 lands on the steppe of Kazakhstan with cosmonauts Anton Shkaplerov and Pyotr Dubrov of Roscosmos and NASA astronaut Mark Vande Hei, on Wednesday, March 30, 2022.

Returning from the International Space Station, Russia's Soyuz MS-19 lands on the steppe of Kazakhstan with cosmonauts Anton Shkaplerov and Pyotr Dubrov of Roscosmos and NASA astronaut Mark Vande Hei, on Wednesday, March 30, 2022. (Image credit: NASA TV)

"People have problems on Earth. On orbit, we are like — no, we are not like, we are one crew — and I think the ISS [International Space Station] is a symbol of the friendship and cooperation and a symbol of future exploration of space," he said.

Shkaplerov, Dubrov and Vande Hei left the space station to begin their trip home at 3:21 a.m. EDT (0721 GMT) on Wednesday, undocking Soyuz MS-19 from the Rassvet mini research module. Their departure signaled the start of Expedition 67 on board the station with commander Tom Marshburn and flight engineers Raja Chari and Kayla Barron, all of NASA, Matthias Maurer of the European Space Agency (ESA) and Roscosmos cosmonauts Oleg Artemyev, Denis Matveev and Sergey Korsakov continuing to staff the orbiting laboratory.

Related: Russia's invasion of Ukraine in satellite photos 

During Dubrov and Vande Hei's extended stay on orbit, they were members of three expedition crews (64, 65 and 66). They shared the space station with 22 crewmates, including short-stay visits by two Japanese tourists and a Russian film crew, the latter there to shoot scenes for the still-to-released movie "The Challenge" (Shkaplerov arrived at the space station (opens in new tab) with the actress and director in October.)

Dubrov also conducted four spacewalks, including one with Shkaplerov, to prepare for the arrival and later outfit two new Russian modules, the "Nauka" multi-purpose laboratory (opens in new tab) and "Prichal" node (opens in new tab).

Russia's Soyuz MS-19 spacecraft separates from the International Space Station after 175 days of docked operations on Wednesday, March 30, 2022.

Russia's Soyuz MS-19 spacecraft separates from the International Space Station after 175 days of docked operations on Wednesday, March 30, 2022. (Image credit: NASA TV)

Vande Hei helped conduct hundreds of science investigations and technology demonstrations, including setting a record by harvesting 26 chile peppers to feed the most astronauts from a crop grown in space.

Vande Hei's stay surpassed the previous record of 340 days (opens in new tab) for the longest consecutive time in space by an American as set by NASA astronaut Scott Kelly in March 2016. Completing his second mission, Vande Hei now has a total of 523 days in space.

Dubrov's 355-day mission ranks him fourth (tied with Vande Hei) on the worldwide list for the longest spaceflight. Soviet-era cosmonauts Musa Manarov, Vladimir Titov and Valery Polyakov each logged longer times on orbit, with Polyakov flying the longest mission in history at 437 days, 17 hours and 58 minutes.

Shkaplerov ended his fourth mission with 708 cumulative days spent in space. He now ranks seventh on the worldwide list for most time spent off Earth.

Shkaplerov and the Soyuz MS-19 spacecraft traveled a total of 74.7 million miles (120 million km) while completing 2,816 orbits of Earth. Vande Hei and Dubrov completed 5,680 orbits of Earth while traveling more than 150 million miles (240 million km).

Now on the ground, Shkaplerov and Dubrov will return to Star City, outside of Moscow, while Vande Hei is flown back to the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas.

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Robert Pearlman is a space historian, journalist and the founder and editor of collectSPACE.com, an online publication and community devoted to space history with a particular focus on how and where space exploration intersects with pop culture. Pearlman is also a contributing writer for Space.com and co-author of "Space Stations: The Art, Science, and Reality of Working in Space” published by Smithsonian Books in 2018. He previously developed online content for the National Space Society and Apollo 11 moonwalker Buzz Aldrin, helped establish the space tourism company Space Adventures and currently serves on the History Committee of the American Astronautical Society, the advisory committee for The Mars Generation and leadership board of For All Moonkind. In 2009, he was inducted into the U.S. Space Camp Hall of Fame in Huntsville, Alabama. In 2021, he was honored by the American Astronautical Society with the Ordway Award for Sustained Excellence in Spaceflight History.