NASA Mars Rover Ready for Saturday Launch
NASA's Curiosity Mars rover was hoisted atop its Atlas 5 rocket on Nov. 3, 2011.
Credit: NASA

CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. — All systems appear go for the Saturday (Nov. 26) launch of NASA's next Mars rover, officials announced today (Nov. 23).

The car-size Curiosity rover, the centerpiece of NASA's $2.5 billion Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission, is slated to blast off Saturday atop an Atlas 5 rocket from Florida's Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.

The rocket and rover should be ready to go by then, NASA officials said.

"We held our launch readiness review today, and no actions came out of that," NASA launch director Omar Baez told reporters today. "We're clean and ready to go." [Photos: Last Look at Curiosity Rover]

Weather wild card

The weather is a bit more of a wild card. A cold front is predicted to move into Florida's Space Coast beginning this evening, likely bringing with it some gusty winds and increased cloud clover by Saturday, weather officials said.

However, current forecasts suggest that weather conditions should still be good enough for Curiosity to get off the ground.

"Right now, the overall probability of (a weather) violation is 30 percent," said Joel Tumbiolo, launch weather officer with the Air Force's 45th Weather Squadron.

If Curiosity doesn't lift off on Saturday, it should also have a good shot to go Sunday (Nov. 27); conditions should be similar, with a 30 percent chance of a weather-caused cancellation, Tumbiolo said. But the weather will likely deteriorate after that, as another cold front is expected to move in. Tumbiolo pegged the odds of a weather violation on Monday at 70 percent.

The mission's launch window, which is based on a favorable alignment between Earth and Mars, extends through Dec. 18.

The next Mars rover

An artist's concept illustrates what the Mars rover Curiosity will look like on the Red Planet.
An artist's concept illustrates what the Mars rover Curiosity will look like on the Red Planet.
Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech

After it blasts off, Curiosity will embark on an 8 1/2-month cruise to the Red Planet. In August 2012, it will land at a 100-mile-wide (160-kilometer) crater called Gale and begin its mission to assess whether Mars is, or ever was, capable of supporting microbial life.

Gale is a good place to carry out this work, researchers say.

Mars-orbiting spacecraft have spotted evidence there of clays and sulfates, minerals that form in the presence of water. And a 3-mile-high (5-km) sediment mound rises from Gale's center, preserving a multi-layered record of how Mars has changed over time.

Curiosity will use its 10 science instruments to read this record. The 1-ton rover will search for organics — carbon-based compounds that are the building blocks of life as we know it — and perform in-depth geology investigations of Gale's red dirt and rocks.

The MSL team stresses that Curiosity is not embarking upon a life-detection mission; it likely won't be able to spot Martian microbes in the soil, even if they exist. But Curiosity's work will be a key step toward eventually mounting a full-on search for Martian life, and it should deliver plenty of exciting results by itself, officials said.

Curiosity "is an order of magnitude more capable than anything we have ever launched to any planet in the solar system," said Colleen Hartman, assistant associate administrator at NASA's Science Mission Directorate. "It will go longer; it will discover more than we can possibly imagine."

You can follow senior writer Mike Wall on Twitter: @michaeldwall. Follow for the latest in space science and exploration news on Twitter @Spacedotcomand on Facebook.