Spectacular Emission Nebulas Captured in Photos
Located 4,000 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cygnus, the Cocoon Nebula is surrounded by a bright-red, glowing cloud of hydrogen gas.
Credit: Terry Hancock

After a massive star dies, the energy ejected from the colossal explosion forms what is known as a nebula — a ginormous, colorful interstellar cloud of gas and dust. Two new images captured by astrophotographers highlight the intense beauty of cosmic nebulas. 

Nebulas form in a variety of shapes and sizes. Known nebulas have been said to resemble a horse's head, a butterfly, a cat's eye and an eagle. An estimated 10,000 nebulas are thought to exist in the Milky Way — the galaxy that contains our own solar system — but only about 1,500 have actually been detected. 

Another beautiful nebula is the Cocoon Nebula, located 4,000 light-years from Earth in the constellation Cygnus, and captured in a new image by astrophotographer Terry Hancock. The photo shows the glowing red cloud of gas and dust surrounding the central star, which sustains the nebula's life. [Spectacular Photos of Nebulas in Deep Space]

The Cocoon Nebula is both a reflection nebula and an emission nebula, Hancock wrote in an email to Space.com, meaning it reflects the light of nearby stars and shines with its own light. With its central star born only 100,000 years ago, the Cocoon Nebula is somewhat of a stellar infant, Hancock wrote. He photographed the Cocoon Nebula on June 29, near the Down Under Observatory in Fremont, Michigan.

A much smaller emission nebula, Sh2-65, can be seen in a photograph taken by photographer Ron Brecher. Sh2-65, which glows faint red in the image, is located in the constellation Aquila, about 10,700 light-years from Earth.

The Sh2-65 emission nebula is a very small and faint nebula located in the constellation Aquila, about 10,700 light-years from Earth.
The Sh2-65 emission nebula is a very small and faint nebula located in the constellation Aquila, about 10,700 light-years from Earth.
Credit: Ron Brecher

"The few images I was able to find [of Sh2-65] tend to show only the brightest part of the nebula — the diagonal 'bar' along the right edge," Brecher told Space.com in an email. "In addition to the bar and fainter surrounding hydrogen emissions in red, my image also shows faintly glowing, patchy dust surrounding this nebula, which is reflecting starlight off of dust particles." 

Another famous nebula is the Crab Nebula, one of the most studied objects in space, which was recently photographed by the Hubble Space Telescope. The detailed new images released by NASA revealed the "beating heart," or central neutron star, that pulsates at the core of the Crab Nebula, which resides in the constellation Taurus. 

To see more amazing night-sky photos submitted by Space.com readers, visit our astrophotography archive.

Editor's note: If you have an amazing night-sky photo you'd like to share for a possible story or image gallery, please contact managing editor Tariq Malik at spacephotos@space.com.

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