Mattel's Astronaut Barbie Becomes a Mars Explorer with NASA Help

Mattel's Mars Explorer Barbie
Mattel's Mars Explorer Barbie doll has launched on the first "one-doll" mission to Mars, in collaboration with NASA. (Image credit: Mattel)

A new collaboration between NASA and Mattel, the largest toy company in the world, is turning the Red Planet a tad more pink.

"Mars Explorer Barbie," a new spacesuited version of the iconic fashion doll, officially launched on Monday (Aug. 5), to coincide with the first anniversary of NASA's Curiosity rover landing on Mars. Mars Explorer Barbie is packaged with a cardboard cutout of the six-wheeled Mars Science Laboratory, decked out in pink.

"Ready to add her signature pink splash to the Red Planet,' [the] Barbie doll is outfitted in a stylish spacesuit with pink reflective accents, helmet, space pack and signature pink space boots," Mattel wrote in a statement describing the new doll, which as part of the company's "I Can Be" line of Barbie dolls has the added distinction of the being named the "Career of the Year" for 2013. [Barbie In Space: Doll Icon's Astronaut Looks (Photos)]

"Adding to her resume of more than 130 careers, Mars Explorer Barbie doll inspires girls to be adventurous and to always reach for the stars!" Mattel stated.

The Mars Explorer Barbie packaging art includes a list of facts about the history of U.S. female space explorers and promotes the space agency's Women@NASA website to learn more.

Barbie Miss Astronaut

The Mars Explorer Barbie is Mattel's first Barbie promoted as produced in collaboration with NASA, after nearly a 50-year history of dressing the dolls in spacesuits. [Toys In Space: Photo Gallery]

The first Barbie astronaut outfit, "Barbie Miss Astronaut," was released in 1965, two years after Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the world's first woman to fly into space and 18 years before an American woman, Sally Ride, would follow her.

Inspired by the pressure suits worn by the all-male U.S. Mercury astronauts of the era, the Barbie Miss Astronaut (and matching "Ken Mr. Astronaut") spacesuits were silver with brown mittens and boots. Each outfit included a white helmet and an American flag for the dolls to carry.

Mattel celebrated the 50 year anniversary of Barbie by re-releasing some of the dolls' most famous sets, including the Miss Astronaut outfit.

"Yes, she was a rocket scientist, taking us to new fashion heights, while firmly placing her stilettos on the moon," Mattel wrote on the packaging for the 2009 "My Favorite Career" recreation.

Barbie blasts off

Twenty years after introducing Barbie Miss Astronaut, a new "Astronaut Barbie" was released featuring a pink and silver mini skirt-spacesuit "with sparkly skirt and tights."

A 1985 television commercial described the doll in song.

"You can be the first in outer space, fantastic fun in a far-out place. Then, for a change of pace, we know a spacey spot where this mini will look real hot!"

Astronaut Barbie's accessories took a more realistic turn in 1994 in commemoration of the 25th anniversary of the first moon landing.

"Includes authentic looking NASA helmet and spacesuit!" described the packaging for the "Special Edition" Career Collection doll, which was issued in time for Space Week. The toy set included glow-in-the-dark "moon rocks" and a stand featuring NASA's Apollo 11 anniversary emblem.

In addition to her career as an astronaut, Barbie also went to U.S. Space Camp twice in a partnership between Mattel and the U.S. Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville, Ala.

First released in 1998, Space Camp Barbie was originally outfitted in an "astronaut blue" flight suit "like the ones worn by real astronauts." The doll came packaged with a NASA logo cap and miniature space food, space travelers checks and a Space Camp graduation certificate.

A decade later, Mattel reissued Space Camp Barbie with a pink baby tee, white two-piece spacesuit and a mood star necklace (the shirt and necklace was also sold as life-size versions for Space Camp attendees to wear). The "Silver Label" edition was limited to 50,000 dolls.

Mattel promotional image for its 1985 "Astronaut Barbie." Read the Full Story (Image credit: Mattel)

Mattel's Mars toys

Mars Explorer Barbie is the second toy Mattel has timed with NASA's Mars Curiosity Rover mission milestones.

In September 2012, a month after the car-size science laboratory landed on the Red Planet, Mattel released a Hot Wheels model of Curiosity. The 1:64 scale miniature was part of the toy company's assortment of 247 Hot Wheels cars for 2012.

Prior to the Hot Wheels Curiosity set, Mattel worked with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, from where Curiosity is controlled, to release a series of five Hot Wheels Action Packs between 1997 and 1999. The toys included models of Mars rovers, Apollo spacecraft, planetary probes and the space shuttle.

Click through to to see more photos of Mattel’s Mars Explorer Barbie and past Astronaut Barbie dolls.

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Robert Z. Pearlman Editor, Contributor

Robert Pearlman is a space historian, journalist and the founder and editor of, an online publication and community devoted to space history with a particular focus on how and where space exploration intersects with pop culture. Pearlman is also a contributing writer for and co-author of "Space Stations: The Art, Science, and Reality of Working in Space” published by Smithsonian Books in 2018. He previously developed online content for the National Space Society and Apollo 11 moonwalker Buzz Aldrin, helped establish the space tourism company Space Adventures and currently serves on the History Committee of the American Astronautical Society, the advisory committee for The Mars Generation and leadership board of For All Moonkind. In 2009, he was inducted into the U.S. Space Camp Hall of Fame in Huntsville, Alabama. In 2021, he was honored by the American Astronautical Society with the Ordway Award for Sustained Excellence in Spaceflight History.