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Last Light: Here's the Final View from NASA's Planet-Hunting Kepler Space Telescope

The Kepler Space Telescope found thousands of planets around other stars by documenting their telltale flickers before it ran out of fuel last fall — and a newly released image shows the spacecraft's full field of view for the last time.

Telescopes will often release a "first light" image — or, in the case of space telescopes, send one back to Earth — documenting its first scientific view of the cosmos. Kepler's first light came in April 2009, after it jettisoned the protective dust shield over its sensitive camera. Its parallel "last light" image, it's final full scan of the skies, came back Sept. 25, 2018, according to a statement from NASA.

This "last light" image from the Kepler Space Telescope, taken Sept. 25, 2018, is the last image the spacecraft took of its full field of view before it ran out of fuel.
(Image credit: NASA/Ames Research Center)

Kepler orbits the sun on a path trailing Earth. The spacecraft's first mission, which stretched from 2009 to 2013, had it staring fixedly at a narrow patch of sky in the constellation Cygnus. After two of Kepler's four reaction wheels failed, it was no longer able to precisely stay pointed at one spot — so the scientists proposed a K2 mission that saw it staring at different spots for about 75 days each. During both missions, the telescope pinpointed more than 2,600 confirmed exoplanets (and many more that have not been confirmed yet using other data). [7 Ways to Discover Alien Planets]

Kepler took these images of the TRAPPIST-1 star system shortly before it permanently ran out of fuel. TRAPPIST-1 is closely circled by seven rocky worlds, three of which might be able to maintain liquid water on their surfaces.
(Image credit: NASA/Ames Research Center)

Because of this switch in mission, its last-light view doesn't match up with its first-light image — but it gave the spacecraft a chance to hunt alien worlds across different parts of the sky. Its final field of view, in the constellation Aquarius, includes the TRAPPIST-1 system that hosts seven rocky planets, according to NASA.

Kepler's fixed eye spotted exoplanets by noticing patterns of dimming in stars as their planets passed in front of them — a strategy called the transit method. While it will no longer return information, planet hunters are still finding traces of new planets in its data, and even more can be confirmed by comparing with other telescopes whose fields overlap, such as the newly launched TESS spacecraft.

This view of the star GJ 9827, which hosts three planets previously detected by the spacecraft, is one of the last images taken by the Kepler spacecraft. It's relatively close, as alien star systems go — just 97 light-years from Earth.
(Image credit: NASA/Ames Research Center)

Besides its full field of view, Kepler took photos of certain targets at 30-minute intervals. It returned those images for several hours after its final image of the full star field, NASA officials said in the statement. A few of those views are included throughout this article — the stars' movement comes from Kepler's decreasing thruster performance.

Kepler took this sequence of the star K2-138 and its six planets as one of its final observations before running out of fuel. It is the first multiplanetary system discovered by citizen scientists.
(Image credit: NASA/Ames Research Center)

Email Sarah Lewin at slewin@space.com or follow her @SarahExplains. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook. Original article on Space.com.

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