A nonprofit organization has announced the winners of two international contests that support under-represented minorities in science and space.
Shannon Gatta, a student at the University of Washington who identifies as pansexual, has won the first phase of the "Out Astronaut" contest and will soon begin training for a possible spaceflight. (More phases of the contest may take place in future years, depending on how well fundraising efforts go.)
Gatta will receive a grant to attend the Advanced PoSSUM Space Academy at the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Daytona Beach, Florida. PoSSUM (which stands for Polar Suborbital Science in the Upper Mesosphere) is a nonprofit organization that does upper atmospheric and space technology research. Gatta's résumé includes roles as a flight software engineer at NASA, a systems engineer for Ball Aerospace and served in the military, where she was one of the few women in her unit.
"This is an incredible honor to be selected to be the first astronaut candidate under the Out Astronaut organization," Gatta said in a statement. "Thanks to them, I'm able to serve openly and without apology as a queer woman while training for a research mission to space. I plan to show the world that identifying openly as LGBTQ+ should not be seen as a limitation to success, and crossing the frontiers of space will inspire the community to achieve authentically, and for the world to accept us as we are."
Also, PoSSUM announced today (Sept. 20) that 16-year-old Ivanna Margarita Hernández Ramírez, from Grupo Educativo More of Santa Marta, Colombia, won the first PoSSUM 13 International Microgravity Flight Challenge. This contest invited female-led student teams to propose a flight experiment that would travel on a parabolic flight with Canada's National Research Council. The airplane will fly parabolas that simulate microgravity conditions for a few seconds at a time.
Hernández 's research project, called "Magnetic Force in Microgravity," is examining how Lorentz forces (forces exerted on charged particles moving through electromagnetic fields) control an object's movement in microgravity conditions. Hernández's idea could be applied to create artificial gravity, PoSSUM representatives said.
Hernández also will conduct two finalists' experiments during the microgravity flight. One involves the separation of water and oil in microgravity (from Escuela Secundaria Técnica N57 in Sinaloa, Mexico), and the other examines energy generation and transformation (from Colegio Interamericano de Guatemala).
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