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NASA to roll Artemis 1 moon rocket back out to pad for testing in early June

NASA's first Space Launch System, the Artemis 1 moon rocket, stands atop Launch Pad 39B during sunrise in this photo taken March 23, 2022 after its rollout at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
NASA's Artemis 1 moon rocket stands atop Launch Pad 39B at Kennedy Space Center on March 23. Artemis 1 is scheduled to head back to the pad in early June. (Image credit: NASA/Ben Smegelsky)

NASA will roll its Artemis 1 moon rocket back out to the launch pad early next month, if all goes according to plan.

The Artemis 1 vehicle — a giant Space Launch System (SLS) rocket with an Orion crew capsule on top — is scheduled to return to Pad 39B at NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida in early June for another try at a crucial "wet dress rehearsal" test, agency officials wrote in an update (opens in new tab) on Friday (May 20).

The wet dress will run the SLS and Orion through a series of prelaunch checks and procedures, including fueling of the rocket and several simulated countdowns. And next month's attempt won't be Artemis 1's first crack at it.

Live updates: NASA's Artemis 1 moon mission
Related: NASA's Artemis 1 moon mission explained in photos 

NASA first rolled the Artemis 1 stack out to Pad 39B from KSC's Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB) in mid-March for a wet dress try that began on April 1. That attempt was supposed to end two days later, but it was delayed and ultimately halted by a series of issues, including a stuck valve on the vehicle's mobile launch tower and a hydrogen leak in an "umbilical" line connecting the tower to the rocket. 

NASA rolled the Artemis 1 stack off Pad 39B and back into the VAB on April 25 to investigate and fix those problems. That work is now pretty much done, as are onsite repairs made by the private contractor that's supplying gaseous nitrogen for the Artemis 1 test and launch campaign, agency officials said. (Gaseous nitrogen is used to purge oxygen from the SLS prior to fueling operations, for safety purposes, during wet dress and launch.) 

"Following completion of a few remaining verifications, teams will retract platforms inside the VAB to prepare SLS and Orion to roll out to pad 39B," they wrote in Friday's update. "Plans call for the next wet dress rehearsal to take place about 14 days after the rocket arrives at the pad."

The wet dress is designed to show that Artemis 1's SLS and Orion are ready to launch on an uncrewed round-the-moon mission, the first liftoff of NASA's Artemis program of lunar exploration. The agency aims to launch the roughly month-long Artemis 1 this summer, though it won't set a target date until the wet dress is done and the resulting data analyzed.

Mike Wall is the author of "Out There (opens in new tab)" (Grand Central Publishing, 2018; illustrated by Karl Tate), a book about the search for alien life. Follow him on Twitter @michaeldwall (opens in new tab). Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom (opens in new tab) or on Facebook (opens in new tab).  

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Michael Wall is a Senior Space Writer with Space.com (opens in new tab) and joined the team in 2010. He primarily covers exoplanets, spaceflight and military space, but has been known to dabble in the space art beat. His book about the search for alien life, "Out There," was published on Nov. 13, 2018. Before becoming a science writer, Michael worked as a herpetologist and wildlife biologist. He has a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology from the University of Sydney, Australia, a bachelor's degree from the University of Arizona, and a graduate certificate in science writing from the University of California, Santa Cruz. To find out what his latest project is, you can follow Michael on Twitter.