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Ursid meteor shower 2020: When, where & how to see it

The Ursids produce a handful of meteors or shooting stars every hour, usually in the range of five to 10 per hour. A nearly moonless sky means good viewing, despite the low.

The 2020 Ursid meteor shower will peak overnight the night of Dec. 21-22

In some past years, the meteors have been more spectacular — in 1945 and 1986, for instance, 50 per hour were observed — but experts say that such events are rare. 

Experts are not expecting an outburst in 2020. "But the Ursids have surprised us before," NASA meteor expert Bill Cooke told 

Related: How meteor showers work (infographic) (opens in new tab)

Ursid meteors will appear to radiate from the constellation Ursa Minor, the Little Dipper, in the northern sky. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech)

The Ursids have a sharp peak on the morning of Dec. 22, meaning that observers will see many more meteors on that day than on days before or after. Look at the sky in the morning on the 22nd, after midnight and as late as possible before sunrise. The meteor-shower radiant, which the meteors will appear to be flying away from, is near the bowl of the Little Dipper (Ursa Minor (opens in new tab), near the celestial North Pole), and the radiant will climb higher in the sky in the predawn hours.

Meteors will appear to be streaming out from the radiant, but they can show up all across the sky. Look a little bit away from the radiant, but not too far, to make sure that you catch sight of meteors with longer tails. That said, the Ursids are not known for leaving spectacular tails in the sky.

Where do they come from?

This orbit map shows the movement of Comet 8P/Tuttle through the solar system. (Image credit: NASA/JPL)

The Ursids are associated with Comet 8P/Tuttle, which was discovered in 1790 and then re-discovered by Horace Tuttle in 1858. It goes around the sun every 14 years and is not a very bright comet, due to its many trips around the sun. 

The Ursids occur when Earth passes through the trail of dust and debris (opens in new tab) left along the comet's orbit.

The shower itself was first recorded in England in 1900, and also spotted in Germany in the decades following. 

Shooting stars are more officially called meteors. Before they hit the Earth's atmosphere, they are called meteoroids. Meteors that reach the ground are called meteorites, although it's very uncommon for the debris that makes up meteor showers to make it down without totally burning up in the atmosphere, because these pieces are so small. 

How to get the best view

You need only your eyes to see meteor showers; in fact, binoculars and telescopes are a bad idea, because they narrow your field of view (opens in new tab). Find a place as far away from lights as possible, especially since the Ursids are faint. (Although this year, the full moon won't necessarily allow your eyes to fully adjust.) Prop yourself up so you are facing nearby Ursa Minor, and dress warmly if it's cold. You'll have best results after giving your eyes about 20-30 minutes to adjust to the darkness.

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Elizabeth Howell
Staff Writer, Spaceflight

Elizabeth Howell, Ph.D., is a staff writer in the spaceflight channel since 2022. She was contributing writer for (opens in new tab) for 10 years before that, since 2012. As a proud Trekkie and Canadian, she also tackles topics like diversity, science fiction, astronomy and gaming to help others explore the universe. Elizabeth's on-site reporting includes two human spaceflight launches from Kazakhstan, three space shuttle missions in Florida, and embedded reporting from a simulated Mars mission in Utah. She holds a Ph.D. and M.Sc. in Space Studies from the University of North Dakota, and a Bachelor of Journalism from Canada's Carleton University. Elizabeth is also a post-secondary instructor in communications and science since 2015. Her latest book, Leadership Moments from NASA, is co-written with astronaut Dave Williams. Elizabeth first got interested in space after watching the movie Apollo 13 in 1996, and still wants to be an astronaut someday.