Giant Green 'Spider' Invades Stellar Nursery in Eerie New Image

Spider Nebula, Seen by Spitzer and 2MASS
The Spider Nebula, shown here using data gathered by NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope and the 2MASS ground-based survey, lies about 10,000 light-years from Earth and is a site of active star formation. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/2MASS)

An enormous space "spider," glowing a strange and radioactive shade of green, stretches its many legs across the cosmos.

But breathe easy, arachnophobes; it's just a photo, and a pretty one at that. The image, which NASA released Thursday (April 14), shows the Spider Nebula, a giant cloud of gas and dust that lies about 10,000 light-years from Earth, in the constellation Auriga.

And the spider isn't really green; the photo was created using infrared data gathered by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and the Two Micron All-Sky Survey (2MASS). [Gallery: Strange Nebula Shapes - What Do YOU See?]

"In the image, infrared wavelengths, which are invisible to the unaided eye, have been assigned visible colors," NASA officials wrote in an image description. "Light with a wavelength of 1.2 microns, detected by 2MASS, is shown in blue. The Spitzer wavelengths of 3.6 and 4.5 microns are green and red, respectively."

Nebulae such as the Spider (which is officially known as IC 417) often serve as stellar nurseries, and there are indeed a number of young stars visible in the photo.

"Toward the right of center, against the black background of space, you can see a bright group of stars called 'Stock 8,'" NASA officials wrote. "The light from this cluster carves out a bowl in the nearby dust clouds, seen in the image as green fluff. Along the sinuous tail in the center, and to the left, the groupings of red point sources clumped in the green are also young stars."

2MASS was a survey that scanned the heavens between 1997 and 2001 using telescopes in Arizona and Chile (thus providing coverage of the skies in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres).

The Spitzer Space Telescope launched in August 2003, kicking off a 2.5-year prime mission. The observatory ran out of helium coolant in 2009, rendering most of its instruments unusable. But Spitzer continues to operate to this day, as part of a more limited "warm" mission.

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Mike Wall
Senior Space Writer

Michael Wall is a Senior Space Writer with and joined the team in 2010. He primarily covers exoplanets, spaceflight and military space, but has been known to dabble in the space art beat. His book about the search for alien life, "Out There," was published on Nov. 13, 2018. Before becoming a science writer, Michael worked as a herpetologist and wildlife biologist. He has a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology from the University of Sydney, Australia, a bachelor's degree from the University of Arizona, and a graduate certificate in science writing from the University of California, Santa Cruz. To find out what his latest project is, you can follow Michael on Twitter.