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SpaceX's Crew Dragon has that 'new car smell' and flies 'totally different' than a NASA shuttle

When the hatch of SpaceX's Crew Dragon spacecraft opened up to let two NASA astronauts inside the International Space Station on Sunday (May 31), the astronaut who greeted them at the door got a strong whiff of "new car smell." 

"In fact, there was a little bit of space smell in the vestibule," or the entryway, NASA astronaut Chris Cassidy told reporters from the space station Monday (June 1). "When we got that hatch open, you could tell it was a brand new vehicle, with smiley faces on the other side, [a] smiley face on mine — just as if you had bought a new car, the same kind of reaction. Wonderful to see my friends and wonderful to see a brand new vehicle."

Cassidy, who commands the station's Expedition 63 crew, spoke alongside fellow NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley at the hatch where the two SpaceX "Dragon riders" entered the station one day earlier. 

Behnken and Hurley became the first astronauts to fly inside the new Crew Dragon spacecraft — and the first NASA astronauts to launch from the U.S. in nearly a decade — when they launched from NASA's Kennedy Space Center on a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket on Saturday (May 30). Called Demo-2, this mission is the first crewed test flight of the Crew Dragon spacecraft, following the uncrewed Demo-1 mission last year. 

Related: Tour SpaceX's Crew Dragon  with NASA's Demo-2 astronauts (video)

SpaceX's Crew Dragon spacecraft approaches the International Space Station with NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley, on  May 31, 2020.  (Image credit: NASA)

While the Crew Dragon spacecraft is completely autonomous, the astronauts are able take over manual control of the spacecraft if needed — a feature that Behnken and Hurley, who are veteran space shuttle pilots, tested out while making their way to the International Space Station. 

Over the course of their 19-hour flight, in between their two brief manual flight demonstrations, the astronauts caught about seven hours of shuteye, practiced getting into and out of their new SpaceX spacesuits inside the capsule, and tested out the mysterious new space toilet. NASA and SpaceX have not revealed many details about the new waste removal system, but Hurley said "it works very similar to the one we were used to in the space shuttle, and it worked very well. We had no issues with it." 

Overall, the astronauts said their ride on Crew Dragon went pretty smoothly — with a few unexpected rough patches. 

Bumpy ascent

"We were surprised a little bit at how smooth things were off the pad," Behnken said in a welcoming ceremony after their arrival on Sunday. "The space shuttle was a pretty rough ride heading into orbit with the solid rocket boosters. And our expectation was, as we continued with the flight into second stage, that things would basically get a lot smoother than the space shuttle did," he added, referring to the separation of the Falcon 9 rocket's first and second stages. After separation, the first stage booster returns to Earth for an upright landing, while the second stage continues to raise Crew Dragon's orbit. 

"But Dragon was huffing and puffing all the way into orbit, and we were definitely driving or riding a dragon all the way up," Behnken said. "It was not quite the same ride, the smooth ride, as the space shuttle was up to MECO [main engine cutoff] — a little bit less g's but a little bit more alive is probably the best way I would describe it."

A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launches the Crew Dragon Demo-2 mission to the International Space Station with NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley, on May 30, 2020, at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. (Image credit: Joel Kowsky/NASA)

In a news conference with reporters on Monday, Hurley said the flight experience was "totally different than shuttle," and said "it was smooth" despite that rough patch during the ride. He then explained why the ride got a little bumpy after main engine cutoff and stage separation. 

"The Falcon 9 is a liquid fueled rocket. Remember, shuttle had solid rocket boosters to start with. Those burned very rough for the first two and a half minutes," Hurley said. "The first stage with Falcon 9 were the nine Merlin engines ... and it was a much smoother ride, obviously, because it was a liquid engine ascent at that point."

Hurley compared the Falcon 9's stage separation to a movie scene. 

"It was very similar to what you saw in the 'Apollo 13' movie, where they staged from first to second stage. So the first stage engine shut off, and then it takes a second — almost a second, might have been less than that — but it seemed like it took some time between the booster separating and then the Merlin vacuum engine starting," Hurley said. "At that point we go from roughly three g's to zero g's for, I don't know, half a second probably. And then when that Merlin vacuum engine fires, then we start accelerating again for the next five, six minutes until we achieve orbit."

NASA astronauts Bob Behnken (left), Doug Hurley (center) and Chris Cassidy speak with reporters from the International Space Station on June 1, 2020. (Image credit: NASA TV)

Smooth docking

After Crew Dragon's bumpy ascent to orbit, the spacecraft docked with the International Space Station so smoothly that the astronauts didn't even feel it happen — something that took the astronauts by surprise. 

"The thing that really stood out to both of us, and we mentioned it as soon as we docked, is we didn't feel the docking. It was just so smooth," Hurley said. "In shuttle you felt a little bit of a jolt, nothing real heavy, but you felt it."

Hurley and Behnken will spend somewhere between one and four months at  the International Space Station — NASA and SpaceX have not yet determined the length of their mission — before they  board the Crew Dragon spacecraft once more and begin their journey back to Earth. 

The return flight could be a bit more uncomfortable (and dangerous) than the launch, with the capsule plummeting through the atmosphere at high speeds and extreme temperatures. After reentering the atmosphere, Crew Dragon's parachutes will deploy, and the Demo-2 crew will splash down in the Atlantic Ocean. A SpaceX recovery ship will be waiting for the astronauts to retrieve them with an hour of splashdown, NASA has said.

Email Hanneke Weitering at hweitering@space.com or follow her @hannekescience. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook.

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  • YetAnotherBob
    It's a much smaller vehicle than the Space Shuttle was. Just like a small car lets you feel every bump in the road, while a big caddy or Hummer feels smooth. It's a simple question of mass.

    I did note however that in the post launch press conference, the astronauts both said that the Shuttle did shake and rattle when the solid boosters were firing.

    Dragon had its roughest ride when using the second stage, from what the astronauts said.
    Reply
  • Grthinker
    This comment from the article, "The return flight could be a bit more uncomfortable (and dangerous) than the launch, with the capsule plummeting through the atmosphere at high speeds and extreme temperatures. " "A bit more dangerous...",? That seems like nonsense to me: considering that the crew dragon is largely the same as the cargo dragon, and the heat shield has been thoroughly tested.
    Reply
  • Martin_Hedington
    Wait till they unload the three crates of Bud from the trunk...
    Reply
  • P4cooler
    About returning to earth... the parachute system must be the most reliable and least expensive way for them to come home. Light weight too. The Russians suffered a failed parachute in the 60s but that was the only parachute incident I am aware of. Hopefully we will see the day where we can safely descend with systems that are immune from effects of earth's gravitation. Very impressive so far!
    Reply
  • JDClayton
    Grthinker said:
    This comment from the article, "The return flight could be a bit more uncomfortable (and dangerous) than the launch, with the capsule plummeting through the atmosphere at high speeds and extreme temperatures. " "A bit more dangerous...",? That seems like nonsense to me: considering that the crew dragon is largely the same as the cargo dragon, and the heat shield has been thoroughly tested.
    I remember Elon saying in an interview that one of his concerns was that on reentry the bulges for the super Dracos could affect the stability of the flow around the capsule. He didn't elaborate but at reentry velocities, I could see where any flow disruption would be a concern. Demo1 made it down OK, so let's hope that proves to be the rule.
    Reply
  • Lovethrust
    Grthinker said:
    This comment from the article, "The return flight could be a bit more uncomfortable (and dangerous) than the launch, with the capsule plummeting through the atmosphere at high speeds and extreme temperatures. " "A bit more dangerous...",? That seems like nonsense to me: considering that the crew dragon is largely the same as the cargo dragon, and the heat shield has been thoroughly tested.
    That doesn’t mean it still won’t be more dangerous than the ascent.
    Reply