The bright planets Mars (opens in new tab) and Saturn will shine together in the predawn sky on Tuesday (March 31). You can catch them above the southeast horizon before sunrise.
Saturn (opens in new tab) will be in conjunction with the Red Planet, meaning the two objects will share the same celestial longitude, on Tuesday at 6:56 a.m. EDT (1056 GMT), according to the skywatching site In-The-Sky.org (opens in new tab). A few hours later, the two planets will make their closest approach, passing within one degree of each other at 1:25 p.m. EDT (1725 GMT).
For skywatchers in the United States, Saturn and Mars won't be visible at the moment of conjunction or during the closest approach, because daylight will obstruct the view. However, those who look up at the sky before sunrise will still be able to see the two tight-knit planets put on a show in the morning sky.
Related: When, where and how to see the planets in the 2020 night sky (opens in new tab)
In New York City, for example, Saturn will rise at 3:40 a.m. local time, followed by Mars just four minutes later. The sun will rise in New York City at 6:40 a.m. local time, so skywatchers have up to three hours to enjoy the views of Mars and Saturn. To find out exactly when the planets rise and set from your location, check out this night sky calculator from Time and Date (opens in new tab).
Also visible nearby will be the giant planet Jupiter (opens in new tab), which rises about half an hour before Saturn. Jupiter will be in the constellation of Sagittarius, the archer (opens in new tab), which Mars and Saturn will be in Capricornus, the sea goat (opens in new tab).
Jupiter, notably the brightest of the three visible planets, will be shining at a magnitude of -2.0, making it brighter than any star in the sky. (Magnitude (opens in new tab) is a measurement of brightness used by astronomers, with lower numbers denoting brighter objects. Negative numbers denote exceptionally bright objects.)
Saturn will be at magnitude 0.4, or about as bright as the star Vega (opens in new tab). Mars, the dimmest of the three planets, will be shining at magnitude 0.8, comparable to the star Aldebaran (opens in new tab).
Editor's note: If you have an amazing skywatching photo you'd like to share for a possible story or image gallery, you can send images and comments in to email@example.com.
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