This story was updated at 1:39 p.m. EDT.
Thefirst female commander of the International Space Station (ISS) arrived at theorbital laboratory Friday alongside a veteran cosmonaut and Malaysia's firstastronaut to complete a two-day chase aboard their Russian spacecraft.
ISSExpedition 16 commander PeggyWhitson, of NASA, made her space station return at about 10:50 a.m. EDT(1450 GMT) as her Soyuz TMA-11 spacecraft docked at the orbital laboratory. Russiancosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and Malaysian astronautSheikh Muszaphar Shukoraccompanied Whitson to the ISS, where the outpost's current three-man crew gavethem a warm welcome.
"Thebiggest gift is our friends who are here on time," said cosmonaut FyodorYurchikhin, the station's current Expedition 15 commander. "Everybody issmiling and happy, so the fun is only about to begin."
Malenchenko, an Expedition 16 flight engineer, commandedthe Soyuz TMA-11's flight as it docked at an Earth-facing berth on thestation's Russian-built Zarya control module whileboth spacecraft flew 220 miles (354 kilometers) above Central Asia.
"Thislooks just like Darth Vader's ship," said astronaut Julie Payette, servingas spacecraft communicator at NASA's ISS Mission Control in Houston, Texas,after seeing viewsof the space station from Soyuz cameras.
Crew change ahead
Whitsonand Malenchenko, both veterans of past ISS crews,are beginning a six-month spaceflight and will replace Yurchikhin and Expedition15 flight engineer Oleg Kotov on the space station during a nine-day crew swap.NASA astronaut Clayton Anderson, currently aboard the ISS, will stay on for thefirst stage of the Expedition 16 mission.
Yurchikhinand Kotov are due to land Oct. 21 to complete their own six-month mission tothe space station. Shukor, a trained orthopedicsurgeon who is flying under a commercial agreement between the Malaysiangovernment and Russia, will spend about nine days performing scienceexperiments and observing the Earth before returning home with the Expedition15 crew.
"Ifeel very well and I have lots of Russian and American friends up onboard withme here," said Shukor, who spoke to his father from orbit viaa video link. "I love you very much and when I come back I hope sharemy experiences with you and with all the Malaysian people."
Malaysia'sScience, Technology and Innovations minister Jamaludin Jarjisthanked Russia's Federal Space Agency, NASA and their ISS partners during apost-docking press conference at Russia's ISS Mission Control.
"Withoutyour contributions we wouldn't be able to see one of our men in space," Jarjis said. "We are committed to remaining apermanent member of this [space] community."
Busy sixmonths in space
Expedition 16 marksthe second flight to the ISS for Whitson and the third for Malenchenko, withRussian and NASA mission managers touting them as their most experienced ISScrew.
Bothastronauts spent about 185 days aboard the ISS, Whitson as an Expedition 5flight engineer in 2002 and Malenchenko as Expedition 7 commander in 2003. Malenchenkoalso visited the ISS during NASA's STS-106 shuttle flight in 2000 and is aveteran commander of Russia's Mir Space Station.
Whitsonsaid that long-duration experience will come in handy on Expedition 16, duringwhich her crew hopes to host up to three visiting NASA space shuttle crews,Europe's first unmanned cargo ship and two automated Russian resupply ships.
"Yuriand I will both be ready to step in very quickly," Whitson said inpreflight NASA interview. "Which, I think, we’re going to needbecause this mission is, a very aggressive mission."
Each of theNASA shuttle missions -- the first of which is setto launch Oct. 23 -- will bring a new flight engineer to replace the third sloton Whitson's crew as well as a major addition to the ISS structure.
The shuttleDiscovery is slated to deliver the Harmony connecting node to the ISS laterthis month, with the European Space Agency's Columbus laboratory due at the stationin December. A Canadian-built addition to the station's robotic arm and thefirst segment of Japan's three-part Kibo laboratory are currently scheduled tolaunch in February.
"[W]ehave a very exciting mission planned," Whitson said. "I'm lookingforward to all the new elements that we're going to be able to ad to theInternational Space Station."
- VIDEO: NASA Astronaut Peggy Whitson
- Looking Back on 50 Years of Spaceflight
- Complete ISS Expedition Coverage
Get the Space.com Newsletter
Breaking space news, the latest updates on rocket launches, skywatching events and more!
Tariq is the Editor-in-Chief of Space.com and joined the team in 2001, first as an intern and staff writer, and later as an editor. He covers human spaceflight, exploration and space science, as well as skywatching and entertainment. He became Space.com's Managing Editor in 2009 and Editor-in-Chief in 2019. Before joining Space.com, Tariq was a staff reporter for The Los Angeles Times covering education and city beats in La Habra, Fullerton and Huntington Beach. In October 2022, Tariq received the Harry Kolcum Award for excellence in space reporting from the National Space Club Florida Committee. He is also an Eagle Scout (yes, he has the Space Exploration merit badge) and went to Space Camp four times as a kid and a fifth time as an adult. He has journalism degrees from the University of Southern California and New York University. You can find Tariq at Space.com and as the co-host to the This Week In Space podcast with space historian Rod Pyle on the TWiT network. To see his latest project, you can follow Tariq on Twitter @tariqjmalik.