Sunlit Dunes Snake Across Mars in Gorgeous New NASA Photo

Mars' sand dunes
This image by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter shows a field of sand dunes in Mars' southern highlands, just west of the Hellas impact basin. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of Arizona)

Giant "snakes" of sand slither across the Martian surface in a spectacular new photo by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO).

The image shows the middle part of a large, dark field of dunes west of Mars' 1,250-mile-wide (2,000 kilometers) Hellas impact basin, which is centered at about 40 degrees south latitude.

"Here, the steep, sunlit side of the dune, called a slip face, indicates the downwind side of the dune and direction of its migration," NASA officials wrote in an image description on Thursday (March 23). "Other long, narrow linear dunes known as 'seif' dunes are also here and in other locales to the east."

The scale of the photo is about 10 inches (25 centimeters) per pixel, the officials added.

Sand dunes are common on Mars, a cold and dry planet whose landscape has been shaped heavily by wind. And a fair number of the Red Planet's dune systems consist of dark sand, including the Bagnold Dunes, which NASA's Curiosity rover studied up close last year.

The Bagnold Dunes lie inside the 96-mile-wide (154 km) Gale Crater, which is located about 5 degrees south of the Martian equator. That's far away from the dunes pictured in the newly released MRO photo, which the spacecraft captured with its powerful HiRISE (High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment) camera.

The $720 million Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter mission launched in August 2005 and arrived at the Red Planet in March 2006. For the past 11 years, the spacecraft has been looking for (and finding) evidence of past water activity on the Martian surface, studying the planet's geology and climate, scouting out locations for future crewed and robotic missions, and serving as a vital communications link between NASA landers and rovers and their controllers back on Earth, among other tasks.

Follow Mike Wall on Twitter @michaeldwall and Google+. Follow us @Spacedotcom, Facebook or Google+. Originally published on

Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at:

Mike Wall
Senior Space Writer

Michael Wall is a Senior Space Writer with and joined the team in 2010. He primarily covers exoplanets, spaceflight and military space, but has been known to dabble in the space art beat. His book about the search for alien life, "Out There," was published on Nov. 13, 2018. Before becoming a science writer, Michael worked as a herpetologist and wildlife biologist. He has a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology from the University of Sydney, Australia, a bachelor's degree from the University of Arizona, and a graduate certificate in science writing from the University of California, Santa Cruz. To find out what his latest project is, you can follow Michael on Twitter.