The small-satellite launch company Rocket Lab will fly its first mission for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) next week, kicking off a busy 2020 that also includes plans for a new launchpad and headquarters.
Rocket Lab's first Electron launch of the year will be NROL-151, a previously unannounced flight for the clandestine NRO, the U.S. spy satellite agency. The mission, which Rocket Lab has nicknamed "Birds of a Feather," will fly from the company's Launch Complex 1 on the Mahia Peninsula of New Zealand's North Island. Liftoff is set for Friday, Jan. 31, local time in New Zealand (Thursday, Jan. 30 EST).
“We are honored the NRO has selected Rocket Lab as the launch provider for this dedicated mission," Lars Hoffman, Rocket Lab's senior vice president for Global Launch Services, said in a statement Monday (Jan. 20). "The Electron launch vehicle is perfectly positioned to provide the kind of rapid and responsive access to space that puts the NRO in complete control over their own launch schedule and orbital requirements."
The 57-foot-tall (17 meters) Electron booster is designed to launch satellites weighting up to 500 lbs. (227 kilograms) into orbit for about $5 million per flight.
The NRO tapped Rocket Lab to launch NROL-151 under the agency's Rapid Acquisition of a Small Rocket (RASR) program. The mission is the first for the new program, "which enables our exploration of new launch opportunities by providing a streamlined, commercial approach for launching smallsats," NRO officials wrote on Twitter Jan. 20.
"Under this approach, RASR helps us pursue the use of both large & small satellites to create an integrated architecture that provides global coverage to answer a wide range of intelligence questions," NRO officials added.
NROL-151 is the NRO's first spy satellite launch from foreign soil, according to Spaceflight Now.
Rocket Lab's big year
Rocket's NROL-151 launch comes amid a growth spurt of sorts for the Huntington Beach, California-based company.
In December, Rocket Lab opened its first U.S. launch site, called Launch Complex 2, at NASA's Wallops Flight Facility and the Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport on Wallops Island, Virginia. The company plans to launch its first Electron missions from U.S. soil in April.
Soon after the Launch Complex 2 opening, Rocket Lab broke ground on a third launchpad, this one located next to the company's original pad on Mahia Peninsula, in order to expand its ability to launch missions quickly. Rocket Lab is calling the new site at its Launch Complex 1 "Pad B."
"Responsive access to space is about more than the rocket – it also requires responsive launch pads," Rocket Lab founder and CEO Peter Beck said in a statement last month. "With the opening of Launch Complex 2 in the U.S. and now the addition of Pad B at Launch Complex 1, Rocket Lab operates three individual launch pads to provide unmatched launch frequency and responsiveness for small satellites."
Earlier this month, Rocket Lab also began work on a new headquarters in Long Beach, California, which will also serve as its U.S. mission control center and add to the company's manufacturing capacity.
"Long Beach is an ideal location for our team; it has a vibrant space community, it's close to many of our suppliers and offers room to grow as our operations do," Beck said in a Jan. 14 statement. "The City of Long Beach has been incredibly welcoming, and we look forward to working with them to continue growing the local space economy."
But wait, there's more.
Rocket Lab is also testing technology to recover and reuse the first stage of its Electron rockets in order to help the company's booster production.
In 2019, Beck unveiled an ambitious plan to recover Electron boosters in midair by equipping the rocket stages with thrusters and a parachute to slow their descent. They would then be captured by a helicopter and taken to a recovery ship for eventual reuse.
Last month, Rocket Lab successfully guided an Electron back to Earth using thrusters and a new guidance and navigation system. The rocket was not equipped with a parachute, but did survive its reentry as Rocket Lab had hoped. The booster was destroyed as expected when it impacted the ocean.
The upcoming launch will also perform that reentry maneuver, with a chase plan collecting telemetry from the rocket as it reenters the atmosphere and crashes into the ocean.
"It's not about cutting costs at all, to be honest," Beck told Space.com in September. "It's about increasing production. That's the sole reason we're doing it."
The "Birds of a Feather" launch for NROL-151 will mark Rocket Lab's eleventh mission since operations began in 2018. The company has launched 47 satellites into orbit over its last 10 missions.
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