Step Inside SpaceX's New Crew Dragon Spaceship (Photos)

HAWTHORNE, Calif. — SpaceX's new astronaut taxi is a chic and sleek flying machine.

The company recently invited journalists to its headquarters here in Southern California to get an up-close look at the Crew Dragon capsule, which will ferry NASA astronauts to and from the International Space Station (ISS), potentially serving a variety of other customers in the future as well.

Crew Dragon is scheduled to launch for the first time this November, on an uncrewed test flight to the ISS. If all goes well with that mission, astronauts will ride the spaceship for the first time in April 2019, on another ISS trial flight. The six operational crew-carrying flights SpaceX has contracted with NASA will start sometime after that, once the space agency has finished certifying the vehicle. [In Photos: A Behind-the-Scenes Look at SpaceX's Crew Dragon Spaceship]

Here's a little photo walk-through of what I saw at the Aug. 13 media event. 

A model of SpaceX’s Crew Dragon spacecraft, as seen during a media day at the company’s headquarters in Hawthorne, California, on Aug. 13, 2018. In the background is the first SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket first stage ever to successfully land during an orbital mission. (Image credit: Mike Wall/

Comfy seats, lots of legroom

You've probably seen photos of astronauts crammed cheek to jowl inside Russia's three-person Soyuz spacecraft, which has been the only ride to and from the ISS since NASA retired its space shuttle fleet in July 2011.

Crew Dragon — which will launch atop SpaceX Falcon 9 rockets and come back to Earth in parachute-aided ocean splashdowns — is much more spacious. The spaceship can accommodate seven passengers, though a maximum of four will fly on the contracted NASA missions. So, the mock-ups we saw sported four seats, each of which featured plenty of legroom. (Of course, there won't be quite as much room on operational flights, when some cargo will be packed into Crew Dragon's interior.) And the ceiling was nice and high; the risk of head bumps seems pretty low. 

Crew Dragon seats are comfortable and have lots of leg room. (Image credit: Mike Wall/

Dragon riders' spacesuits won't impinge much on the capsule's spaciousness, either; the white-and-gray SpaceX suit is far from bulky, as you can see.

The spacesuit that Crew Dragon astronauts will wear. (Image credit: Mike Wall/

The model capsule depicted above was designed primarily to give the public a feel for Crew Dragon, so it's not an exact representation of the spaceship that will ferry folks to orbit. Indeed, a crew-training simulator that SpaceX let us view (but not enter) probably provides a more faithful look at the capsule's interior:

Inside the Crew Dragon simulator, which is outfitted with four seats. (Image credit: Mike Wall/

Touch-screen controls

Crew Dragon is an autonomous vehicle, and the first backup will be mission controllers here on Earth. So, the craft's commanders and pilots won't do much active flying during missions to and from the ISS, if all goes according to plan.

But when astronauts do take the "wheel," the experience will be more akin to operating an iPad than flying a space shuttle or fighter jet. Crew Dragon's controls and flight information are arrayed on three large touch screens facing the commander and pilot, as you can see in these photos of the vehicle's cockpit simulator. (And yes, the touch screens are compatible with the gloves on the SpaceX suit.)

Crew Dragon astronauts get acquainted with the capsule’s touch-screen control system using this cockpit simulator. (Image credit: Mike Wall/

A lever in the center of the display activates Crew Dragon's escape system, which is designed to get astronauts to safety in the event of an emergency during launch or any other phase of the trip to orbit.

Crew Dragon astronauts won’t do much active flying, if all goes according to plan; the capsule is designed to be fully autonomous, and the first backup is mission control on Earth. (Image credit: Mike Wall/

That escape system is powered by eight SuperDraco engines, which are built into the wall of the capsule. A SuperDraco engine chamber, which SpaceX manufactures using 3D printing, was on display at the media day as well: 

A SuperDraco engine chamber, which SpaceX makes using 3D printers. SuperDraco engines power Crew Dragon's escape system, which is designed to get astronauts out of harm’s way during an emergency during launch or any other phase of the trip to orbit. (Image credit: Mike Wall/

The real deal

The Aug. 13 event included an interview opportunity with the astronauts NASA has selected to fly the first crewed missions of the capsule: Bob Behnken, Doug Hurley, Mike Hopkins and Victor Glover. Behnken and Hurley are on the April 2019 test flight, and Hopkins and Glover will take the initial operational mission, whenever that occurs.

SpaceX President and Chief Operating Officer Gwynne Shotwell also participated in the event, as did former NASA astronaut Garrett Reisman, SpaceX's senior advisor for human spaceflight, and SpaceX Director of Crew Mission Management Benji Reed.

The Q&A took place in front of the clean room containing the Crew Dragon that will carry Behnken and Hurley to and from orbit next year. The bones of this vehicle are very much in place, as you can see, though a fair amount of finishing work still lies ahead.

The Crew Dragon capsule that will make the vehicle’s first crewed flight — currently scheduled for April 2019 — under construction in a clean room at SpaceX headquarters. (Image credit: Mike Wall/

All four astronauts are former test pilots, and all said they couldn't wait to take Crew Dragon for a spin.

"For any tester out there, the opportunity to be early on in the development and testing of a program is a dream come true," Hopkins said.

SpaceX personnel and NASA astronauts stand in front of the in-work Crew Dragon on Aug. 13, 2018. From left to right: SpaceX president and COO Gwynne Shotwell; astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley, who will fly the first crewed test mission of the capsule; astronauts Mike Hopkins and Victor Glover, who will fly the first operational Crew Dragon mission; former NASA astronaut Garrett Reisman, SpaceX’s senior advisor for human spaceflight; and SpaceX director of crew mission management Benji Reed. (Image credit: Mike Wall/

The Crew Dragon that will perform the uncrewed test mission to the ISS this fall, by the way, is already being prepped for flight at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida. 

Aerospace giant Boeing is also developing an astronaut taxi under a NASA commercial-crew contract. Boeing's capsule, the CST-100 Starliner, is scheduled to make its initial uncrewed test flight in late 2018 or early 2019 and carry astronauts for the first time in mid-2019.

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Mike Wall
Senior Space Writer

Michael Wall is a Senior Space Writer with and joined the team in 2010. He primarily covers exoplanets, spaceflight and military space, but has been known to dabble in the space art beat. His book about the search for alien life, "Out There," was published on Nov. 13, 2018. Before becoming a science writer, Michael worked as a herpetologist and wildlife biologist. He has a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology from the University of Sydney, Australia, a bachelor's degree from the University of Arizona, and a graduate certificate in science writing from the University of California, Santa Cruz. To find out what his latest project is, you can follow Michael on Twitter.