For NASA, a Long Road Ahead After Discovery’s Success

For NASA, a Long Road Ahead After Discovery’s Success
Bill Parsons (foreground, L to R), Deputy Director, Kennedy Space Center, William Gerstenmaier, Associate Administrator for Space Operations, Dr. Michael Griffin, NASA Administrator and Mike Leinbach, Shuttle Launch Director walk across the runway to welcome home the crew of STS-121 after doing a quick walk around of the Space Shuttle Discovery. (Image credit: NASA/Bill Ingalls)

CAPECANAVERAL, Fla. - The space shuttle Discovery is in near pristine conditionafter a flawless Mondaylanding under a cloud-covered Florida sky.

But whileDiscovery's return to Earth completed NASA's second shuttle test flight sincethe 2003 Columbia accident,the mission's end is just the beginning of the agency's long haul to finish thehalf-builtInternational Space Station (ISS) without compromising astronaut safety.

"Yes, Ithink the conclusion is that the shuttle is back," NASA's shuttle program chiefWayne Hale said. He added that NASA's Atlantis orbiter is slated to launch oneof the most complicated ISS construction missions in just six week's time. "Wehave the team that is now practiced and battle-hardened ready to go to thatwith the proper requisite experience to make sure that we will not let anystone go unturned."

Discovery'swheels touched down here at NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) at 9:14 a.m. EDT(1314 GMT) after a 13-daymission to deliver a new crewmember to the ISS, resupply and repair thestation, as well as test new concepts for shuttle heat shield safety.

Thesuccessful mission - commanded by veteran NASA shuttle flyer StevenLindsey - opens the gate for the no less than 15 future orbiter missions tobuild out the ISS by Sept. 30, 2010.

NASA chiefMichael Griffin said today that external tank modifications aimed at increasingshuttle flight safety following the Columbia accident, as well as improved heatshield inspection techniques, appear to have been a stunning success. But NASAengineers will have to complete a comprehensive analysis before a finalevaluation can be made, he added.

"This isthe cleanest orbiter anybody remembers seeing," Griffin said. "What's behindthat, we've got to dig in and look. Honestly, when we know, we'll tell you."

Aperfect day

While engineersstudy the results of Discovery's spaceflight, the STS-121 astronauts themselvesare meeting with their families after a hectic spaceflight.

Aside fromsome thick clouds, a finicky air data probe, and a nicked heat-resistant tilenear Discovery's nose landing gear door, the spacecraft's Earth returnsurpassed all expectations, NASA officials said.

"I wouldgive Steve a perfect 10 today," NASA reentry flight director Steve Stitch saidof STS-121 commander Steven Lindsey's landing. "He did a superb job puttingDiscovery right down exactly where we thought with our analysis that he wouldland. It was a perfect landing."

For NASAlaunch director Michael Leinbach, Discovery's smooth landing provided a closureof sorts. The touchdown marked the first successful KSC shuttle landing sincethe loss of Columbia, which was heading towards the Shuttle Landing Facilityhere when it broke apart over Texas.

"Columbia'slanding day was a horrible day," Leinbach said. "Today was a great day."

  • Gallery: Shuttle's First Flight
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  • Shuttle Discovery: Complete Mission Coverage
  • Great Space Quizzes: Space Shuttle Countdown
  • Great Space Quizzes: The Space Shuttle
  • Great Space Quizzes: Life in Orbit

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Tariq Malik

Tariq is the Editor-in-Chief of and joined the team in 2001, first as an intern and staff writer, and later as an editor. He covers human spaceflight, exploration and space science, as well as skywatching and entertainment. He became's Managing Editor in 2009 and Editor-in-Chief in 2019. Before joining, Tariq was a staff reporter for The Los Angeles Times covering education and city beats in La Habra, Fullerton and Huntington Beach. In October 2022, Tariq received the Harry Kolcum Award for excellence in space reporting from the National Space Club Florida Committee. He is also an Eagle Scout (yes, he has the Space Exploration merit badge) and went to Space Camp four times as a kid and a fifth time as an adult. He has journalism degrees from the University of Southern California and New York University. You can find Tariq at and as the co-host to the This Week In Space podcast with space historian Rod Pyle on the TWiT network. To see his latest project, you can follow Tariq on Twitter @tariqjmalik.