Meet the STS-121 Crew: The Flyers

Meet the STS-121 Crew: The Flyers
STS-121 commander Steven Lindsey occupies the commander’s station during a mission training session in one of the high fidelity trainers in the Space Vehicle Mockup Facility at Johnson Space Center (JSC). Lindsey is wearing a training version of the shuttle launch and entry suit. (Image credit: NASA/JSC.)

The frontseats aboard the space shuttle Discovery will be filled by two veterans oforbital flight when the spacecraft launchesJuly 1.

In command ofthe upcoming space shot is three-time shuttle flyer and U.S. Air Force colonel StevenLindsey, who will fly alongside pilot Mark Kelly during the planned 12-daymission.

Betweenthemselves, Kelly - a U.S. Navy commander and aviator - and Lindsey haveamassed more than 9,000 flight hours on 100 different aircraft throughout theircareers and are both looking forward to Discovery's STS-121 mission.

"We're kindof the stepping stone going from return to flight back into space stationassembly," Lindsey said. "Each mission has to accomplish their objectivesbefore the next mission can launch."

NASA'sSTS-121 mission will mark the agency's second shuttle test flight since the 2003 Columbia tragedy. Lindseyand his fellow crewmates will test a series of shuttlelaunch system modifications and repair techniques during their flight tothe International Space Station (ISS).


Lindsey,45, is a native of Temple City, California and joined NASA's astronaut corps in1996 after one year of training and 14 years with the U.S. Air Force.

"I didn'talways necessarily want to fly in space my whole life," Lindsey said in a NASAinterview.

While theshuttle commander-to-be was eager to reach space at age 8 after watchingastronaut Neil Armstrong walk on the Moon in 1969, but his attention quicklyshifted towards aviation.

"When I gotolder and into high school, I kind of set that aside," Lindsey said this month."My dad was an engineer, and I wanted to fly airplanes."

Lindseygraduated from the U.S. Air Force Academy in 1982, and later became a testpilot to shake down new weapons systems for F-16 and F-4 aircraft.

Discovery'sSTS-121 mission is very similar to his weapons test  flights, because ofthe sheer amount of computer modeling and simulations conducted to make surethe orbiter and its external tank are it to fly, Lindsey said during a prelaunch press conference.

"I'm nothere to be a personality or anything," Lindsey said. "I am here because it's anopportunity to combine what I love, flying and using my education."

Afterjoining NASA, Lindsey served as pilot on two shuttle missions - STS-87 in 1997and STS-95 in 1998 - and later commanded the STS-104mission, which delivered NASA's Questairlock to the ISS in 2001.

WhileLindsey is acutely aware of the risks of human spaceflight, the impact is morefelt by his wife Diane - whom he met while playing saxophone in Temple CityHigh School - and their three children.

"It's a littlebit harder for my family because they're not going on the missions," Lindseyhas said, adding that he has assured them that if he believed NASA was takingunacceptable risks, he would not fly. "So at least they're reassured that Ithink it's safe as we can before we go."


Shuttlepilot Mark Kelly has one orbiter mission under his belt during his STS-108flight aboard Endeavour in 2001. Selected to join NASA's astronaut ranks in1996, Kelly has almost 20 years of experience as naval aviator.

"I feelvery has been everything I've expected, and that's not evenincluding the flying-in-space part of the job," Kelly told reporters in apreflight interview.

Hailingfrom West Orange, New Jersey, Kelly, 42, is a father of two children with whomhe has taken great care to explain the risk of human spaceflight.

"We'vetalked about the problems with Columbia, that those problems have been fixed,and that we don't expect the same issues with Discovery," Kelly said. "I try todo my best to make sure that it's a good experience for them."

Kelly flewas naval aviator during two deployments to the Persian Gulf and flew 39 combatmissions during Operation Desert Storm. He joined NASA after serving as a testpilot instructor for the U.S. Navy.

Kelly isnot only the shuttle pilot for STS-121, but also serves as the inside man formission specialists PiersSellers and Michael Fossum, and will helpcoordinate their actions during up to threespacewalks.

"It's adifferent focus in space for me," said Kelly, who handled robotic armoperations during his previous flight. "This flight has a lot more its platethan STS-108 did, and I think we're going otbe a lot busier."

But Kellysaid that despite the hectic schedule and risk, the STS-121 flight andsubsequent shuttle missions would reap huge rewards for the country overall,though his heart would be set on a Mars mission if possible.

"I think itwould be interesting to look back at Earth as a dot instead of looking backfrom the Moon," Kelly said. "And it would be interesting to go to a real planetinstead of, you know, a satellite planet."

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Robert Z. Pearlman Editor, Contributor

Robert Pearlman is a space historian, journalist and the founder and editor of, an online publication and community devoted to space history with a particular focus on how and where space exploration intersects with pop culture. Pearlman is also a contributing writer for and co-author of "Space Stations: The Art, Science, and Reality of Working in Space” published by Smithsonian Books in 2018. He previously developed online content for the National Space Society and Apollo 11 moonwalker Buzz Aldrin, helped establish the space tourism company Space Adventures and currently serves on the History Committee of the American Astronautical Society, the advisory committee for The Mars Generation and leadership board of For All Moonkind. In 2009, he was inducted into the U.S. Space Camp Hall of Fame in Huntsville, Alabama. In 2021, he was honored by the American Astronautical Society with the Ordway Award for Sustained Excellence in Spaceflight History.