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NASA's Artemis Moon Lander for Astronauts Will Be Born in Alabama's 'Rocket City'

The lunar lander that will bring astronauts to the moon in 2024 will be born in Alabama's "Rocket City," NASA announced today (Aug. 16). 

NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville will lead the development of a lunar lander for the agency's Artemis program, which aims to land astronauts on the moon in 2024. Huntsville is known as "Rocket City" due to its long history of building rockets for NASA. MSFC is also currently building the Space Launch System megarocket that will launch NASA's Artemis missions.

According to NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, the center was selected to be in charge of the lunar lander because of its extensive experience with propulsion systems, which will be crucial for executing safe landings and liftoffs from the lunar surface. 

"There is no place in the world that is more experienced" in propulsion, Bridenstine said during a news briefing at the center. As he spoke, Bridenstine stood in front of a massive 149-foot-tall (45 meters) structural test component for the Space Launch System, which will stand about 322 feet tall (98 m) when fully assembled.

Related: Can NASA Really Put Astronauts on the Moon in 2024?

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NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine speaks with reporters as he announces that the Artemis crewed lunar lander project will be led by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama on Aug. 16, 2019.

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine speaks with reporters as he announces that the Artemis crewed lunar lander project will be led by the agency's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama on Aug. 16, 2019.
(Image credit: NASA TV)
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An artist’s illustration of a lunar lander’s ascent vehicle separating from the descent vehicle and departing the lunar surface.

An artist’s illustration of a lunar lander’s ascent vehicle separating from the descent vehicle and departing the lunar surface.
(Image credit: NASA)

While local representatives who were present for the announcement seemed pleased to have this historic undertaking take place in Alabama, not everyone was thrilled about the announcement. Lawmakers in Texas have been pressuring NASA to let the Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston lead the lunar lander development. 

On Thursday (Aug. 15), Senators Ted Cruz (R-Texas) and John Cornyn (R-Texas) along with Rep. Brian Babin (R-Texas) wrote an open letter to Bridenstine explaining why JSC, which leads NASA's human spaceflight program, should be in charge of the lunar lander, too. 

When asked about the controversy, Bridenstine said that all NASA centers across the country will play important roles in the Artemis program, adding that MSFC's propulsion experience made that center the best candidate for this aspect of the program. The lunar lander project is expected to create 360 new jobs, 140 of which will be in Huntsville, while the rest will be spread out to NASA centers across the country, Rep. Mo Brooks (R-Ala.) said during the news conference. 

Bridenstine also announced that the new human landing system will be managed by Lisa Watson-Morgan, the former Deputy Engineering Director of MSFC. A "Rocket City" native who has worked her way up the ranks at MSFC for the last 15 years, Watson-Morgan will oversee the project that will land "the first woman and the next man on the moon," Bridenstine said.

Although MSFC will be leading the development of the lander, its construction won't necessarily take place inside the facility. NASA's private industry partners will likely play a role in building the various components of the lander.

"What we plan to do is collaborate with industry and bring their speed and our experience to try to have the best team that can make this 2024 goal," Watson-Morgan said.

Today's new development in the Artemis program comes nearly three months after NASA announced three commercial companies that will carry the first uncrewed missions to the lunar surface. Those missions will deliver NASA science experiments, technology demonstrations and other payloads to the moon in preparation for the crew landing in 2024. 

NASA has also picked the company Maxar Technologies to build the propulsion module for the space agency's new Lunar Gateway, a space station near the moon designed to serve as a transportation hub for trips to and from the lunar surface.

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