Japan is bringing pieces of an asteroid to Earth today. Here's how to watch online.

Editor's note: JAXA's live webcast of the Hayabusa2 asteroid sample-return capsule landing will begin at 12 p.m. EST (1700 GMT). 


Japan's Hayabusa2 spacecraft is about to deliver a precious sample of asteroid dust to Earth this weekend and you can watch the event live.

The mission will swing by our planet to drop off a capsule full of regolith from asteroid Ryugu, before departing to visit another asteroid in 2031 on its newly extended mission.

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) will broadcast two key events overnight tonight and Saturday (Dec. 4-5) during which you can watch the return capsule make its way to the ground. You'll be able to watch the webcasts here (opens in new tab) and on the Space.com homepage, courtesy of JAXA, as well as on the space agency's YouTube. 

The first event is return capsule's separation from the main Hayabusa2 spacecraft, which took place Friday at 11:30 p.m. EST (0430 GMT Saturday, Dec. 4).J JAXA webcast it live on YouTube here (opens in new tab)

Infographic: Japan's Hayabusa2 asteroid sample-return mission explained

The capsule will then reenter the Earth's atmosphere en route to its landing in Woomera in southern Australia, the same region in which predecessor mission Hayabusa delivered its asteroid sample in 2010. 

The reentry of Hayabusa2's capsule will also be broadcast live on YouTube and coverage will start Saturday, Dec. 5, at 12 p.m. EST (1700 GMT). You can watch live at Space.com as well.

(Image credit: JAXA)

If the landing goes to plan, science teams around the world will analyze the sample from Ryugu to learn more about the early solar system. Asteroids like Ryugu formed while our solar system was still young, and these asteroids give us insight into the composition of our neighborhood before planets and moons grew to their current size.

NASA also has an asteroid sample return underway. The Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) mission picked up even more regolith than expected at its asteroid, called Bennu. The spacecraft stowed the sample safely in October and is expected to return that to Earth in 2023.

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Elizabeth Howell
Staff Writer, Spaceflight

Elizabeth Howell, Ph.D., is a staff writer in the spaceflight channel since 2022. She was contributing writer for Space.com (opens in new tab) for 10 years before that, since 2012. Elizabeth's reporting includes an exclusive with Office of the Vice-President of the United States, speaking several times with the International Space Station, witnessing five human spaceflight launches on two continents, working inside a spacesuit, and participating in a simulated Mars mission. Her latest book, "Why Am I Taller?", is co-written with astronaut Dave Williams. Elizabeth holds a Ph.D. and M.Sc. in Space Studies from the University of North Dakota, a Bachelor of Journalism from Canada's Carleton University and (soon) a Bachelor of History from Athabasca University. Elizabeth is also a post-secondary instructor in communications and science since 2015. Elizabeth first got interested in space after watching the movie Apollo 13 in 1996, and still wants to be an astronaut someday. Mastodon: https://qoto.org/@howellspace