China launches new communications satellite ChinaSat 1D

China continued its stream of rocket launches on Friday (Nov. 26) by lofting a new communications satellite into a geosynchronous transfer orbit. 

A Long March 3B launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in southwest China at 11:40 a.m. EST Friday (1640 GMT, or 12:40 a.m. Nov. 27 local time). Orange and red exhaust briefly illuminated the launch pad and surrounding hills as the rocket rose from the pad and into the night sky.

The rocket carried the ChinaSat 1D (Zhongxing 1D) communications satellite into orbit. The satellite was developed under the China Academy of Space Technology, the country's main, state-owned spacecraft maker. 

Video: Blastoff! China launches Zhongxing-1D communications satellite
The latest news about China's space program

A Chinese Long March 3B rocket launches the military space debris mitigation satellite Shijian-21from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center on Oct. 24, 2021. (Image credit: CASC)

No information about the satellite's capabilities was released, suggesting that it may at least partially serve military customers. 

State media China Daily states that the satellite will be tasked with transmitting telephone, internet, television and radio signals, while NASA Spaceflight writes that the ChinaSat 1 series satellites provide secure data and voice transmission for Chinese forces.

2021 has been a record-breaking year for Chinese launch activity and this launch was China's 47th of the year.

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Andrew Jones
Contributing Writer

Andrew is a freelance space journalist with a focus on reporting on China's rapidly growing space sector. He began writing for in 2019 and writes for SpaceNews, IEEE Spectrum, National Geographic, Sky & Telescope, New Scientist and others. Andrew first caught the space bug when, as a youngster, he saw Voyager images of other worlds in our solar system for the first time. Away from space, Andrew enjoys trail running in the forests of Finland. You can follow him on Twitter @AJ_FI.