Blue Origin will test moon lander engine at Air Force rocket lab

The first hotfire test of Blue Origin's BE-7 engine, which will be used for the company's lunar lander. The test took place on June 18, 2019.
The first hotfire test of Blue Origin's BE-7 engine, which will be used for the company's lunar lander. The test took place on June 18, 2019. (Image credit: Twitter/@JeffBezos)

Blue Origin will test the engine for the company's lunar lander at a U.S. Air Force rocket lab. 

In December, Blue Origin, a spaceflight company founded by Amazon founder Jeff Bezos, signed a 15-year cooperative research and development agreement (CRADA) with the Air Force Research Laboratory. The contract laid out plans for the testing of Blue Origin's BE-7 engine, which will be used for the company's lunar lander. Last Thursday (Jan. 27), the two organizations announced that the engine will be tested on an AFRL site at the Edwards Air Force Base in California.

While the specific financial terms of this contract have not been made public, AFRL did share in the announcement that Blue Origin will provide "capital improvements" to 1-42 (or the Space Environment Propulsion Complex), the facility where tests on this engine will occur.

Related: Blue Origin's Blue Moon Lander: A Photo Tour

Because 1-42 creates upper atmospheric or vacuum conditions, the facility can currently test rocket engines and pieces of spacecraft. Improvements to the facility that will allow it to optimally test the BE-7 engine include new liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen propellant capabilities along with other facility upgrades, the announcement read. 

These upgrades and additions will allow 1-42 to create a "space-like environment," which will be ideal for testing the engine, the announcement said. The improvements to the AFRL facility will also be available for others to use for future testing, according to the announcement. 

"Repurposing the infrastructure at the 1-42 test site enables us to accelerate development of the BE-7 engine for our Blue Moon lunar lander," Eric Blumer, senior director for Blue Origin's BE-7 engine program, said in the announcement. "It will play a critical role in Blue Origin's support of the Artemis program to send women and men to the moon by 2024."

Last May, Bezos announced the company's plans to land a spacecraft named Blue Moon on the lunar surface, also unveiling the design concept for the vehicle. A few months later, in October, Bezos unveiled his "dream team" to put astronauts on the moon with the lander. 

Blue Origin's involvement in the return of crewed missions to the moon follows a NASA call for proposals from companies to submit lunar lander ideas for the agency's Artemis program. This program aims to land the first woman and next man on the moon, and the agency also intends to move human space exploration forward with the help of commercial partners. 

Follow Chelsea Gohd on Twitter @chelsea_gohd. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook.

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Chelsea Gohd
Senior Writer

Chelsea “Foxanne” Gohd joined in 2018 and is now a Senior Writer, writing about everything from climate change to planetary science and human spaceflight in both articles and on-camera in videos. With a degree in Public Health and biological sciences, Chelsea has written and worked for institutions including the American Museum of Natural History, Scientific American, Discover Magazine Blog, Astronomy Magazine and Live Science. When not writing, editing or filming something space-y, Chelsea "Foxanne" Gohd is writing music and performing as Foxanne, even launching a song to space in 2021 with Inspiration4. You can follow her on Twitter @chelsea_gohd and @foxannemusic.