Axiom Space, SpaceX change the landscape of private spaceflight with Ax-1 mission

The Ax-1 SpaceX Dragon capsule on the deck of the recovery ship Megan shortly after splashdown on April 25, 2022.
The Ax-1 SpaceX Dragon capsule on the deck of the recovery ship Megan shortly after splashdown on April 25, 2022. (Image credit: SpaceX/Axiom Space)

Four private astronauts made history today (April 25), splashing safely down on Earth after completing the first fully private crewed mission aboard the International Space Station. 

Today, a SpaceX Dragon capsule splashed down off the coast of Jacksonville, Florida, ending the Ax-1 mission that Texas-based aerospace company Axiom Space launched from NASA's Kennedy Space Center on April 8. 

During a post-splashdown news conference today, representatives of both Axiom and SpaceX shared their thoughts on how this historic mission could shape the future of private spaceflight.

"There were a lot of eyes on this mission, just to see if it was practical," Derek Hassmann, the operations director at Axiom Space, told during the news conference today.  "Everybody understood it was possible. You can put four private citizens on a spacecraft and send them to ISS, but can you train them in an abbreviated amount of time? Can you prepare them for the mission in a way that minimizes impact on ISS crew?"

"Those are the questions [people ask], and I think we proved we could do that," Hassmann added.

Live updates: Ax-1 private mission to space station
Related: Axiom Space: Building the off-Earth economy

The crewmembers who splashed down today were mission commander Michael López-Alegría, who is a former NASA astronaut and current Axiom employee, and three paying customers — American Larry Connor, Canadian Mark Pathy and Israeli Eytan Stibbe. 

"I think we're going to come out of this with a lot of significant lessons learned," Hassmann said. He added that he has already begun discussing the lessons learned from Ax-1 with Peggy Whitson, Axiom Space's director of human spaceflight, a retired NASA astronaut and the mission commander for the company's next crewed mission, Ax-2.

"She and I had many conversations during the mission about things to do differently and things to do better for the next mission," Hassmann said about his talks with Whitson. "And a lot of it has to do with training ... based on the experiences that the crew had on this mission, what are the specific things that we could focus on that will make the crew better prepared, especially for the very intense first several days where they're, you know, still getting their space legs."

But, while Hassmann has shared how the team plans to improve with future missions, with Ax-1, "we proved it possible," he said.

"We proved that we can prepare the crew in a way that makes them effective and productive on orbit. And we're ready to go do it again. And we're going to do it even better next time," Hassmann added.

Ax-2 is currently scheduled to launch later this year. These missions, the company has stated, are part of a larger plan to launch a series of modules to dock with the ISS that will one day serve as the basis for a fully commercial free-flying space station. 

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Chelsea Gohd
Senior Writer

Chelsea “Foxanne” Gohd joined in 2018 and is now a Senior Writer, writing about everything from climate change to planetary science and human spaceflight in both articles and on-camera in videos. With a degree in Public Health and biological sciences, Chelsea has written and worked for institutions including the American Museum of Natural History, Scientific American, Discover Magazine Blog, Astronomy Magazine and Live Science. When not writing, editing or filming something space-y, Chelsea "Foxanne" Gohd is writing music and performing as Foxanne, even launching a song to space in 2021 with Inspiration4. You can follow her on Twitter @chelsea_gohd and @foxannemusic.