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China Launches New Navigation Satellite Into Orbit

China Launches New Navigation Satellite Into Orbit
The Long March 3C rocket lifts off from the Xichang space center, Wednesday, June 2, 2010.
(Image: © CALT)

China launchedanother satellite Wednesday toward an orbit more than 22,000 miles above Earth,marking another step in building the country's own space navigation system.

The Beidou satellite launched at 1553 GMT(11:53 a.m. EDT) on a Long March 3C rocket from the Xichang space center inSichuan province in southwestern China, where it was just before midnight.

Powered by three stages and two strap-onboosters, the 180-foot-tall rocket turned east from Xichang and deployed theBeidou navigation satellite into a geosynchronous transfer orbit, according tothe China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology.

Engines on the satellite will further raiseits altitude in the next few weeks, and the craft will eventually slide into aparking slot 22,300 miles over the equator to cover the Asia-Pacific region.

The satellite is the fourth spacecraft to belaunched in the second-generation Beidou constellation. Two previous satelliteswere placed in geosynchronous orbit, including the system's newest memberlaunched in January. Another spacecraft is operating in an orbit about 13,000miles above Earth.

China is developing the Beidou, or Compass,navigation system to provide its military and citizens an indigenous source ofprecise navigation information. The country currently relies on the U.S. AirForce's Global Positionining System network.

Experimental Beidou satellites beganlaunching in 2000, and Chinese officials hope the system can provide fullnavigation and timing coverage of China and neighboring countries by 2012.

China will eventually launch 35 satellites toexpand the system to global coverage by 2020. Most of the operational Beidousatellites will circle 13,000 miles above Earth. Five spacecraft will supportthe system from geosynchronous orbit.

The constellation is China's counterpart tothe U.S. GPS system, Russia's Glonass navigation satellites and the Galileonetwork being developed by Europe.

China says Beidou services will be availableat no charge to civilians with positioning accuracy of about 10 meters, or 33feet. More precise navigation data will be given to Chinese government andmilitary users.

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