Skip to main content

A Valentine 'Rose': Superhot Stars Glow in the Rosette Nebula's Heart (Photo)

Rosette nebula, ngc 2244
The open-star cluster NGC 2244 shines at the heart of the Rosette Nebula in this deep-space image captured by astrophotographer John Chumack. (Image credit: John Chumack/<a href="">Galactic Images</a>)

Happy Valentine's Day… from space!

A cluster of superhot stars glows in the core of the Rosette Nebula in this deep-space image by astrophotographer John Chumack

The Rosette Nebula is a rose-shaped cloud of interstellar dust and gas that lies about 5,000 light-years away in the constellation Monoceros (the Unicorn). At the center of the flower's cosmic petals is a cluster of stars known as NGC 2244, or Caldwell 50. This star cluster also contains several rare blue-white O-type stars, which are some of the hottest and brightest stars in the universe. 

These short-lived stars arose from the very clouds in which they reside after regions of that cosmic dust and gas collapsed onto itself. After a few million years, these stars explode as supernovas, unleashing all their energy and flinging more "star stuff" back into the Rosette Nebula. [Valentine's Day in Space: Cosmic Love Photos]

Surrounding these enormous, bright stars are darker splotches known as Bok globules. These small, dense clouds of dust and gas are some of the coldest places in the universe. They appear dark because they absorb the light from the more luminous background. 

Chumack captured this image from his backyard observatory in Dayton, Ohio, using a ZWO 174-millimeter cooled CMOS camera and a 6-inch Newtonian telescope. 

You can see more amazing night-sky photos by our readers in our astrophotography archive here.

Editor's note: If you have an amazing night sky photo you'd like to share with us and our news partners for a possible story or image gallery, please contact managing editor Tariq Malik at

Email Hanneke Weitering at or follow her @hannekescience. Follow us @Spacedotcom, Facebook and Google+. Original article on

Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at:

Hanneke Weitering

SPACE.COM ASSOCIATE EDITOR — Hanneke joined the team at in August 2016 as a staff writer and producer. She has previously written for Scholastic, MedPage Today, Scienceline and Oak Ridge National Lab. After studying physics at the University of Tennessee in her home town of Knoxville, she earned her graduate degree in Science, Health and Environmental Reporting (SHERP) from New York University.