Curiosity Rover Climbing Steep Martian Ridge (Photos)

Vera Rubin Ridge
Researchers used the Mastcam on NASA's Curiosity Mars rover to gain this detailed view of layers in "Vera Rubin Ridge" from just below the ridge. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)

NASA's Mars rover Curiosity is chugging up a steep red-rock slope that wouldn't look out of place in the canyon country of the American Southwest.

Curiosity began climbing Vera Rubin Ridge in early September, NASA officials said. The rover's handlers want Curiosity to study the ridge's many layers all the way to the top — an ascent that will cover 213 vertical feet (65 meters), and about 1,870 feet (570 m) of driving distance.

"Vera Rubin Ridge," a favored destination for NASA's Curiosity Mars rover even before the rover landed in 2012, rises near the rover nearly five years later in this panorama from Curiosity's Mastcam. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)

For perspective: Since landing inside Mars' huge Gale Crater in August 2012, the car-size rover has gained about 980 feet (300 m) in elevation and put 10.76 miles (17.32 kilometers) on its odometer, NASA officials said. [The 10 Biggest Moments from Curiosity's First 5 Years on Mars]

Vera Rubin Ridge — informally named after late American astrophysicist Vera Rubin — sits on the northwest flank of Mount Sharp, the 3.4-mile-high (5.5 km) peak that rises from Gale's Center. Curiosity's telephoto scouting observations revealed fine layering in the ridge, as well as bright, spidery veins of minerals embedded in the rock.

The Mastcam on NASA's Curiosity Mars rover captured this view of "Vera Rubin Ridge" about two weeks before the rover starting to ascend this steep ridge on lower Mount Sharp. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)

"Now we'll have a chance to examine the layers up close as the rover climbs," Curiosity science-team member Abigail Fraeman, of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, said in a statement.

Vera Rubin Ridge is also known as "Hematite Ridge," because it's rich in that iron-oxide mineral, especially in its upper reaches.

Mission scientists hope Curiosity's climb helps reveal, among other things, why the ridge resists erosion so much better than the rock that used to surround it, and how its hematite got so concentrated.

This view of "Vera Rubin Ridge" from the ChemCam instrument on NASA's Curiosity Mars rover shows sedimentary layers and fracture-filling mineral deposits. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/CNES/CNRS/LANL/IRAP/IAS/LPGN)

"The team is excited to be exploring Vera Rubin Ridge, as this hematite ridge has been a go-to target for Curiosity ever since Gale Crater was selected as the landing site," Michael Meyer, lead scientist of NASA's Mars Exploration Program at agency headquarters in Washington, D.C., said in the same statement

The chief goal of Curiosity's $2.5 billion mission is to determine if Gale Crater could ever have supported microbial life. The rover's observations near its landing site quickly answered that question in the affirmative, and further work showed that Gale hosted a potentially habitable lake-and-stream system in the ancient past for long stretches — perhaps hundreds of millions of years at a time.

This view of "Vera Rubin Ridge" from the ChemCam instrument on NASA's Curiosity Mars rover shows sedimentary layers, mineral veins and effects of wind erosion. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/CNES/CNRS/LANL/IRAP/IAS/LPGN)

Curiosity reached the base of Mount Sharp in 2014. The mountain has long been Curiosity's ultimate destination; mission scientists want the rover to climb through the foothills, reading a history of Mars' changing environmental conditions in the rock as it goes. 

The Vera Rubin Ridge campaign is part of this larger objective.

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Mike Wall
Senior Space Writer

Michael Wall is a Senior Space Writer with and joined the team in 2010. He primarily covers exoplanets, spaceflight and military space, but has been known to dabble in the space art beat. His book about the search for alien life, "Out There," was published on Nov. 13, 2018. Before becoming a science writer, Michael worked as a herpetologist and wildlife biologist. He has a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology from the University of Sydney, Australia, a bachelor's degree from the University of Arizona, and a graduate certificate in science writing from the University of California, Santa Cruz. To find out what his latest project is, you can follow Michael on Twitter.