A new hub-likemodule bound for the InternationalSpace Station (ISS) has a new name, Harmony, following a nationwide studentcompetition held by NASA, the space agency announced Thursday.
Formerlyknown by the simple title Node 2, the Harmony module [image]is due to launch towards the ISS in late August to serve as the attachmentpoint for new European and Japanese laboratories. NASA announced the new name duringa ceremony at the agency's Kennedy Space Center spaceport in Cape Canaveral,Florida.
"Thismodule will allow all international partner pieces of the station to connecttogether, so it's really wonderful that kids recognize that harmony isnecessary for space cooperation," said Bill Gerstenmaier, NASA's associateadministrator for space operations, in a statement.
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Builtfor NASA in Italy, the Harmony module isa 23.6-foot(seven-meter) long cylinder with diameter of about 14.5 feet (4.4 meters). Itis destined to be attached to the end of the station's U.S. Destiny laboratory [image]and serve as the gateway to the yet-to-launch European Columbuslaboratory [image],Japan'sKibo laboratory [image]and visiting pressurized cargo containers.
NASA's STS-120astronaut crew, commanded by veteranspaceflyer Pam Melroy, is expected to haul Harmony to the ISS aboard the space shuttle Atlantis no earlierthan Aug. 26. The mission is one of up to five planned NASAshuttle flights dedicated to ISS construction this year.
What'sin a name?
More than2,200 students in 32 states, ranging in grade from kindergarten to high school,competed in NASA'sNode 2 Challenge, which called on entrants to learn about the ISS, supply acandidate name, write an essay on the suggestion, and build a scale model ofthe new module [image1, image2].
But onlysix different classes ranging from Grades 3 to 9 suggested the name Harmony,NASA said, adding that Node 2 is the first U.S. piece of the ISS to be named bysomeone outside the space agency.
"We decidedthat the name for Node 2 should be Harmony because it also stands for thepeaceful bond and support between all the countries in the world," the 9thGrade class at Lubbock High School in Lubbock, Texas wrote in its essay. "Withthis in mind, we hope that one day everyone can join hands, and cooperate toimprove our society and develop space exploration, experimentation andresearch."
A NASApanel of spaceflight managers, researchers, engineers and educators chose Harmony"because the name symbolizes the spirit of international cooperation embodiedby the space station, well as the specific roleplayed by the module in tying together the international partner modules," thespace agency said.
NASA's listof the Node 2 Challenge winning schools includes:
- Paul Cummins' 8th grade class at Browne Academy, Alexandria, Va.
- Sue Wilson's 3rd grade class at Buchanan Elementary School, Baton Rouge, La.
- Brigette Berry's 8th grade class at League City Intermediate School, League City, Texas
- Bradley Neu's 9th grade science class at Lubbock High School, Lubbock, Texas
- Yocum Russell's 3rd grade class at West Navarre Intermediate School, Navarre, Fla.
- David Dexheimer's students at the World Group Home School, Monona, Wis.
Harmonywill join NASA's Destiny laboratory,Questairlock and Unitymodule (formerly Node 1) currently in orbit at the ISS. Russia's Zaryacontrol module, Zvezdaservice module and Pirs dockingcompartment, as well as a series of trusssegments and solar arrays, round the space station's current configuration[image].
WhileHarmony is the first U.S. piece of ISS to be named by someone outside NASA, it isnot the first time the agency has held a competition to name a space-boundvehicle. NASA held a nationwide competition to name the spaceshuttle Endeavour. The orbiter's name was announced in May 1989 by then-PresidentGeorge H.W. Bush.
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