Columnist Leonard David

Moon and Mars Exploration Pioneer David McKay Dies at 76

NASA Scientist David McKay
Pioneering space scientist David McKay died Feb. 20, 2013 at the age of 76. He trained the Apollo moonwalkers in geology and led a famous 1996 study that suggested the Mars meteorite ALH84001 may contain signs of past Red Planet life. (Image credit: NASA)

David S. McKay, a pioneering NASA scientist in moon and Mars research, astrobiology and space resource utilization, has died, leaving a legacy of work that will continue to shape the future of space exploration. He was 76.

McKay, who served as chief scientist for astrobiology at NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston,died peacefully in his sleep on Feb. 20 after battling serious health issues for several years. 

As a graduate student, McKay was in the audience at Rice University in September 1962 when President John F. Kennedy gave his legendary "We choose to go to the moon" speech that put America solidly on a lunar trajectory.

McKay joined NASA in June of 1965 and was a key lunar scientist of the Apollo era, participating extensively in astronaut training leading up to 1969's historic Apollo 11 mission with field trips to Hawaii, Alaska, Iceland, Mexico and many sites in the western U.S. He also was instrumental in the geology training of Apollo 11 moonwalkers Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin. [NASA's Apollo Moon Missions in Pictures]

Mars rock controversy

The media spotlight shone more brightly on McKay after the Apollo era, primarily because of his work on the "Allan Hills" Mars meteorite, also known as ALH84001.

McKay was lead author of a 1996 paper in the journal Science that suggested ALH84001 may contain evidence of past life on Mars. The claim still spurs controversy, but it also sparked a shift in perspectives that is alive and well within NASA today.

"Whether one accepts their arguments or not, it has led, directly or indirectly, to investigations seeking and finding signs of life in the most extreme environments. History will judge the value of that rather serendipitous outcome, but it seems clear that its significance is, and will remain, great," said David Draper, manager of the Astromaterials Research Office at Johnson Space Center.

David McKay was a valued friend of this reporter, particularly over the years following the ALH84001 uproar. Like many others, I will miss his guidance about the exciting and provocative dynamics of astrobiology.

Controversial Mars rock aside, I benefited from McKay’s cutting-edge thinking on developing and utilizing space resources for churning out fuel, metals, ceramics, oxygen and food to support advanced manned missions, be they for a lunar base or to support human sojourns to Mars.

McKay developed innovative new technology for both life detection and the use of lunar regolith as feedstock, radiation protection, fuel, nutrient source for microbial bioreactors and long-term lunar habitation.

Continuing McKay's work

McKay was a great advocate for science and exploration, said Bernard Foing, a scientist at the European Space Agency and executive director of the International Lunar Exploration Working Group.

"We should continue his inspiration," Foing said in a tribute, quoting McKay from a February 2010 discussion of action items that must continue to be on a space "to do" list:

  • The development of lunar simulants for testing and validating new lunar technology.
  • Evaluation of the potential hazards of exposure of humans to lunar dust, asteroidal regolith, and Mars regolith.
  • In-situ Resource Utilization (ISRU) technology development aimed at producing oxygen, propellant, water, useful gases and construction materials for use on planetary bodies or for export into space.
  • Lunar science needs to be funded at a higher more realistic level.

"We will eventually return humans to the moon and possibly send them to asteroids and Mars," McKay said in the 2010 discussion. "We need to concentrate on getting ready. Renewed emphasis on robotic missions is a proper step."

McKay's 'students'

Larry Taylor,  a fellow "Apollo graybeard" and now professor of petrology and geochemistry at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, said these words after learning of McKay’s passing:

"Dave's great contributions to the world of science were not only his insight into the lunar regolith/soil forming processes, but even more significantly to the huge numbers of great students and postdocs and colleagues that he nurtured and provided into lunar science. Having effectively been one of these scientists who worked and researched and published with Dave, the world is a far better place from having had his unique presence …a true teacher and academician. We will all miss him, especially his 'students.'"

Leonard David has been reporting on the space industry for more than five decades. He is former director of research for the National Commission on Space and a past editor-in-chief of the National Space Society's Ad Astra and Space World magazines. He has written for since 1999. Follow on Twitter @Spacedotcom. We're also on Facebook & Google+

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Leonard David
Space Insider Columnist

Leonard David is an award-winning space journalist who has been reporting on space activities for more than 50 years. Currently writing as's Space Insider Columnist among his other projects, Leonard has authored numerous books on space exploration, Mars missions and more, with his latest being "Moon Rush: The New Space Race" published in 2019 by National Geographic. He also wrote "Mars: Our Future on the Red Planet" released in 2016 by National Geographic. Leonard  has served as a correspondent for SpaceNews, Scientific American and Aerospace America for the AIAA. He has received many awards, including the first Ordway Award for Sustained Excellence in Spaceflight History in 2015 at the AAS Wernher von Braun Memorial Symposium. You can find out Leonard's latest project at his website and on Twitter.