Space Station Astronauts Open New Japanese Room

Space Station Astronauts Open New Japanese Room
Grappled by space shuttle Endeavour's robotic arm, the Japanese Logistics Pressurized module is maneuvered to a temporary berthing point on top of the U.S. Harmony node during spacewalking operations on March 14, 2008.
(Image: © NASA TV)

Thisstory was updated at 10:17 p.m. ET.

HOUSTON — Astronauts on board theInternational Space Station (ISS) opened up Japan?s first orbital room Fridayevening as mission controllers solved a power supply glitch with agiant robot outside the orbiting laboratory.

ISScommander Peggy Whitson had the honors of opening the new room, known as the JapaneseLogistics Pressurized module (JLP), with STS-123 shuttle missionspecialists Rick Linnehan and Takao Doi, a Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)astronaut. The module is the first segment of JAXA?s massive Kibo, or ?Hope,?laboratory to be delivered to the station.

?This is asmall step for one Japanese astronaut but a giant entrance for Japan to a greater and newer space program,? Doi said shortly after opening the module. Priorto his spaceflight, Doi referred to the opening of the JLP as a dream.

?We loveour new room already,? Whitson told mission controllers in Japan and the U.S. ?It looks great.?

The hatchwas opened at 9:24 p.m. EDT (0124 GMT March 15), marking the first time thespace station?s 15-nation program has full on-orbit participation.

Smokinggun

Meanwhile, specialistsin Mission Control here at NASA?s Johnson Space Center remedied a power glitchwith a pallet containing pieces of Dextre, a two-armed Canadian-builtrobot that space shuttle Endeavour delivered to space this week.

Mission controllers sent computer commands thepallet Thursday morning, but the operation failed. Following a successfulspacewalk by two astronauts early Friday, an upload of new power-regulatingsoftware also did not send electricity through the device.

"Weweren't going to fool ourselves by thinking that there weren't going to be anyissues," said Pierre Jean, acting program manager for the Canadian spacestation program, of the robot. "But nonetheless we have to deal withthem."

Despite thetwo foiled attempts to supply Dextre with power, which is crucial forprotecting the robot from circuit-snapping cold, Jean said Friday morning that histeam pinpointed the problem's origin.

"It'sbasically a design error in the cable," Jean said of a power line thatroutes electricity through the pallet to Dextre.He explained that the improperly designed cable allows power to flow, butdoesn't relay data to and from a computer.

Astronautsconfirmed that the cable was to blame — and not Dextre — by grappling the robot'shead with the space station's robotic arm, circumventing the faulty wire and powering the robot directly.

Thespaceflyers completed the maneuver at 9:59 p.m. EDT (0159 GMT March 15) and minutes later missioncontrollers told them it was a success.

?That's great,? Whitson replied. "Really good news, we're happy to hear that."

Leakcheck

LeRoy Cain,chair of NASA?s mission management team, said during a Friday evening briefing thattechnicians approved Endeavour?s heat shield, also known as itsthermal protection system (TPS), to make a searing reentry through Earth?satmosphere.

"Todayin our mission management team [meeting], we went ahead and cleared the TPS fordeorbit and entry," Cain said. "So the vehicle is safe to come homewhenever we are ready to do so."

During thebriefing, Cain said that an auxiliary power unit ? which has compartments ofhydrogen and hydrazine ? has a small leak, adding that specialists willcontinue to monitor the problem.

?We?ve seenthis on flights before,? Cain said of shuttle Discovery?sSTS-121 flight. He said a hydrogen leak would be of little concern, buthydrazine would pose a small threat and can be detected by ittemperature-dropping properties.

?We?relooking for thermal indications, or any kind of ice or frost, or snowy flakeylooking stuff developing on the vents,? he said. If hydrazine is leaking, Cainexplained that burning the remaining supply would stop the problem.

At 16planned days in duration, Endeavour?s STS-123 mission is the longest ISS-boundflight to date. Four more spacewalks remain to build Dextre, deliver on-orbitexperiments and test a new system to repair heat-resistant tiles crucial to theshuttle's safe atmospheric reentry.

Endeavour launchedfrom Kennedy Space Center early Tuesday morning and docked at the space stationWednesday night and is scheduled to return to Earth on March 26.

NASA isbroadcasting Endeavour's STS-123 mission live on NASA TV. Click here for SPACE.com'sshuttle mission coverage and NASA TV feed.

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