CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. — NASA's OSIRIS-REx asteroid-sampling spacecraft is now on the launchpad, ready for its planned Thursday (Sept. 8) liftoff.
OSIRIS-REx and its United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket rolled out to the pad this morning (Sept. 7) here at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. The duo moved at a leisurely pace from the nearby Vertical Integration Facility, where OSIRIS-REx was stacked atop the rocket on Aug. 29.
The launch is scheduled for 7:05 p.m. EDT (2305 GMT) Thursday, though the liftoff window extends through 9 p.m. EDT that day (0100 GMT Friday, Sept. 7).
Once aloft, the $800 million OSIRIS-REx mission will begin chasing down a 1,640-foot-wide (500 meters) asteroid named Bennu. If all goes according to plan, the spacecraft will rendezvous with Bennu in August 2018, study the space rock from orbit for the next two years and then grab at least 2 ounces (60 grams) of Bennu material.
In September 2023, this sample will be delivered to Earth, giving scientists access to a pristine piece of the early solar system. Analyses of the material, performed by researchers around the globe, should help clarify the role that carbon-rich asteroids like Bennu played in the origin of life on Earth, OSIRIS-REx team members have said.
OSIRIS-REx is short for Origins-Spectral Interpretation-Resource Identification-Security-Regolith Explorer[LD2] . As that lengthy name suggests, the mission has a number of secondary objectives.
For example, there's a slight chance that Bennu could hit Earth late in the 22nd century. Team members hope OSIRIS-REx's observations can help to fine-tune their understanding of the asteroid's orbit and, therefore, give them a more precise idea of the threat it poses to the planet. A better understanding of the factors that tweak Bennu's path through space should also aid the mapping of other asteroids' paths, mission team members added.
Furthermore, the spacecraft's precise mapping of Bennu could also shed light on the resources such asteroids possess — information that may help guide future asteroid-mining efforts, NASA officials have said.
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Michael Wall is a Senior Space Writer with Space.com and joined the team in 2010. He primarily covers exoplanets, spaceflight and military space, but has been known to dabble in the space art beat. His book about the search for alien life, "Out There," was published on Nov. 13, 2018. Before becoming a science writer, Michael worked as a herpetologist and wildlife biologist. He has a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology from the University of Sydney, Australia, a bachelor's degree from the University of Arizona, and a graduate certificate in science writing from the University of California, Santa Cruz. To find out what his latest project is, you can follow Michael on Twitter.