You Can See 5 Bright Planets in the Night Sky: Here's How

Five planets in the night sky Jan 25, 2016
45 minutes before sunrise, Jan. 25, five planets will appear in these positions in the sky. Mercury will rise higher and brighten more every day. (Image credit: Sky & Telescope diagram)

Skywatchers, get set. All five naked-eye planets — Mercury, Venus, Mars, Saturn and Jupiter — are appearing together in the pre-dawn sky for the first time in a decade. You need only clear skies and your bare eyes to see them; no binoculars or telescopes are required.

The most challenging of this group to see is Mercury, which is at its best in the next two weeks. If you are an experienced planet hunter, however, you may still be able to see the five planets together as late as Feb. 20.

The planets are not actually aligning in any special way in space. They all travel along a path in Earth's sky called the ecliptic, which mirrors the plane of the solar system. A couple of times a decade, the planets all appear in Earth's sky at the same time. [Skywatching 2016: The Year's Must-See Events (Infographic)]

The best time to look is about 45 minutes before sunrise, Sky & Telescope editors said in a statement. Pick an observing spot that has an unobstructed view of the southeast, near where the sun will rise. You will then see the very bright planet Venus, which is brighter than any other planet or star and impossible to miss.

The location of planets throughout the solar system, as positioned on Feb. 1. The arrows indicate the planets' motion throughout the month (the outer planets don't move noticeably). (Image credit: Sky & Telescope diagram)

Mercury will be just to the lower left of Venus, at a distance of about the width of your clenched fist at arm's length. Later in January, Mercury will get even closer to Venus. The other three planets are visible in an arc to the right of Venus. There's Saturn, which is just above the orangey star Arcturus. Next in the arc, you will see Mars, which is to the south and appears red. When you turn to the southwest, far past the bright star Spica, Jupiter will appear high in the sky. 

Bear in mind, you will need to observe much of the sky to see all five planets. Their arc spans more than half the sky, or 110 degrees. Note: Your closed fist held out at arm's length covers about 10 degrees of the night sky.

The moon can be a helpful guide to identifying the planets. This is a view of the sky Feb. 1, at 45 minutes before sunrise, with the position of the moon for Jan. 28-Feb. 5 overlaid. (Image credit: Sky & Telescope diagram)

The moon can help you as a celestial guide later in the month, when it begins to appear among the planets. It will be near Jupiter on Jan. 27 and 28, Mars on Feb. 1, Saturn on Feb. 3, Venus on Feb. 5, and Mercury on Feb. 6.

The last time the planets were visible like this was between late December 2004 and early January 2005. When this event next happens, in mid-August 2016 and mid-July 2020, it will be tough to spot Mercury, because it will be very close to the horizon.

Editor's note: If you capture an amazing photo of the five planets in the night sky and you'd like to share with us and our partners for a story or image gallery, send images and comments in to managing editor Tariq Malik at

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Elizabeth Howell
Staff Writer, Spaceflight

Elizabeth Howell (she/her), Ph.D., is a staff writer in the spaceflight channel since 2022 covering diversity, education and gaming as well. She was contributing writer for for 10 years before joining full-time. Elizabeth's reporting includes multiple exclusives with the White House and Office of the Vice-President of the United States, an exclusive conversation with aspiring space tourist (and NSYNC bassist) Lance Bass, speaking several times with the International Space Station, witnessing five human spaceflight launches on two continents, flying parabolic, working inside a spacesuit, and participating in a simulated Mars mission. Her latest book, "Why Am I Taller?", is co-written with astronaut Dave Williams. Elizabeth holds a Ph.D. and M.Sc. in Space Studies from the University of North Dakota, a Bachelor of Journalism from Canada's Carleton University and a Bachelor of History from Canada's Athabasca University. Elizabeth is also a post-secondary instructor in communications and science at several institutions since 2015; her experience includes developing and teaching an astronomy course at Canada's Algonquin College (with Indigenous content as well) to more than 1,000 students since 2020. Elizabeth first got interested in space after watching the movie Apollo 13 in 1996, and still wants to be an astronaut someday. Mastodon: