Saturn Moons Stare Up at Ringed Planet in Gorgeous New Photo

Saturn, Dione and Mimas
The Saturn moons Dione (left) and Mimas (right) are dwarfed by their giant parent planet in this photo captured by NASA's Cassini spacecraft on May 27,2015. (Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute)

Two Saturn moons appear to be gazing up at their giant parent planet in a stunning new photo taken by NASA's Cassini spacecraft.

The new image, which was released today (Aug. 4), captures the satellites Dione and Mimas, with Saturn a blurry behemoth looming in the background. Sunlight is hitting the moons at such an angle that they seem to be staring up at the ringed planet, NASA officials said.

Of Saturn's more than 60 known moons, Dione and Mimas are the fourth- and seventh-largest, respectively. Dione is 698 miles (1,123 kilometers) wide, while Mimas is 246 miles (396 km) across. Both satellites are dwarfed, of course, by Saturn, which measures 74,898 miles (120,536 km) in diameter at the equator. (For comparison, Earth is 7,918 miles, or 12,743 km, wide. More than 750 Earths could fit inside Saturn.)

The surface of Mimas is dominated by a huge crater named Herschel, which makes the moon look like the Death Star from the "Star Wars" films.

Cassini took the photo on May 27, when it was about 634,000 miles (1 million km) from Saturn and nearly aligned with the ring plane. The planet's rings are visible in the image as a narrow, dark band; Dione is above the ring plane, and Mimas is below it.

The image was captured using a filter optimized to view in near-infrared light, NASA officials said. The image resolution is 38 miles (61 km) per pixel.

The $3.2 billion Cassini-Huygens mission — a joint project involving NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency — launched in 1997 and arrived in the Saturn system in 2004.

In January 2005, the mission's Huygens probe touched down on the huge moon Titan, becoming the first spacecraft ever to land on a body beyond the realm of the rocky planets.

The Cassini mothership, meanwhile, continues to orbit Saturn, studying the gas giant and its many moons. Cassini will continue this work until September 2017, when it will perform an intentional death dive into Saturn's thick atmosphere.

This dramatic end will ensure that Cassini does not contaminate Titan and fellow Saturn satellite Enceladus, both of which may be capable of supporting life, NASA officials have said.

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Mike Wall
Senior Space Writer

Michael Wall is a Senior Space Writer with and joined the team in 2010. He primarily covers exoplanets, spaceflight and military space, but has been known to dabble in the space art beat. His book about the search for alien life, "Out There," was published on Nov. 13, 2018. Before becoming a science writer, Michael worked as a herpetologist and wildlife biologist. He has a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology from the University of Sydney, Australia, a bachelor's degree from the University of Arizona, and a graduate certificate in science writing from the University of California, Santa Cruz. To find out what his latest project is, you can follow Michael on Twitter.