NASA Plans Friday Shuttle Launch After Fuel Cell Glitch


CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - The clock is once more tickingdown to a Sept. 8 launch for NASA's space shuttle Atlantis after engineers allbut cleared a fuelcell issue aboard the spacecraft, mission managers said late Thursday.

Atlantis is now set to launch sixastronauts - commanded by veteran shuttleflyer Brent Jett - towards the International SpaceStation (ISS) at 11:40:32 a.m. EDT(1540:32 GMT) and deliver a new set of solararrays and two massive trusses to the orbital laboratory.

Only one final analysis standsbetween Atlantis and a Friday launch attempt here at the Kennedy Space Center(KSC), though shuttle officials expect a favorable result.

"We have had to stand down two daysto make sure we are safe to fly, we have gone the extra mile," NASA shuttleprogram manager Wayne Hale told reporters, adding that the risk of launchingAtlantis is less than replacing the fuel cell in question. "I don't feel likewe're not racing to the end of the [launch] window."

The announcement, which was notentirely unanimous among shuttle managers, comes one day after an electricalshort in Fuel Cell 1 - one of the three units that produce the electricity forall of Atlantis' systems - forced mission managers to scruba Wednesday launch attempt so engineers could track the problem.

The short stifled one of threealternating current (AC) power phases for the fuel cell's vital coolant pumpmotor, which prevent the generator from overheating in flight. While the othertwo phases continued to function perfectly, engineers wanted to make sure theywouldn't fail during Atlantis' 11-day flight and force the shuttle's STS-115astronauts to come home early without completing all their objectives - knownas a minimum duration mission.

Steve Poulos, NASA's orbiter projectsmanager, said the problem likely lies in thin wire for the PhaseA power loop in Fuel Cell 1's vital coolant motor. The phase will be switchedoff to avoid future shorts during Atlantis's launch, but engineers will notknow for sure what prompted the failure until they dissect Fuel Cell 1.

"Until we take the fuel cell out, wewon't know exactly. It's a detective story," Hale said. "There is always theelement that we could be wrong."

Poulos said the Fuel Cell 1 cooling pumplast flew aboard NASA's Columbia orbiter during its STS-93mission, which experienced an electrical short during launch due to wiringissues. However, the fuel cell was found to be unaffected from that flight.Replacing the 255-pound fuel cell aboard Atlantis, especially at the launchpad, is no small order and runs a higher risk of causing more damage to theorbiter than launching the spacecraft, he added.

"We're good to go fly, we're readyto support this mission," Poulossaid. "I don't have a concern that we're going to lose this fuel cell goinguphill or during the mission."

Atlantis' STS-115 mission is set toinstall the $371.8 million Port 3/Port 4 (P3/P4) trusses and wing-like solarpanels to the port side of the ISS during a series of complicated roboticstasks and three spacewalks. The spaceflight is NASA's first dedicated ISSconstruction mission since late 2002 and the third shuttle launch since the2003 Columbia tragedy.

The spaceflight has been in a pinchof sorts.

Launch lighting rules are in place toallow cameras to scan Atlantis' external tank for any signs of falling foaminsulation - a debris hazard similar to that which doomed Columbia and its crew in 2003 - duringlaunch. The resulting footage would be used to guide future external tankmodifications.

While NASA's full window to launchAtlantis extended through Sept. 13, the space agency has also promised Russia's Federal Space Agency that itwould stand down after Sept. 8 to allow the liftoff of a Soyuz spacecraftcarrying a newcrew to the ISS.

The shuttle was expected to undockfrom the ISS on Sept. 17, with the Soyuz to launch towards the station one daylater.

NASA ISS program manager Mike Sufferdini said thatAtlantis can now launch on Sept. 9 and undock on Sept. 18 within hours of theSoyuz liftoff. This will maintain the much-needed buffer time for the spacestation's three-astronauts to jettison an unmanned Russian Progress cargo shipon Sept. 19 and be ready for the arrival of the Soyuz on Sept. 20.

"We have kind of a choreographyto do," Sufferdini said. "We have all thesevehicles flying around, coming and going at the space station."

Should Atlantis remain groundedFriday, Sufferdiniwill meet with his Russian counterparts to review the Sept. 9 launch plan.

 

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