NASA's Shuttle Carrier Aircraft Moves to Space Center Houston This Month

Shuttle Carrier Aircraft
Ready to roll: The disassembly of NASA's original Shuttle Carrier Aircraft has been completed in preparation for its move to Space Center Houston in late April 2014 for public display. (Image credit: Z. Pearlman)

HOUSTON — A historic NASA jumbo jet has been cleared for its final takeoff — not into the air, but on a road trip through the streets of Houston to the site of its future exhibit.

The space agency's original Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA), a modified Boeing 747 jetliner that for more than 30 years ferried NASA's now-retired orbiters across the country, will make the journey from Houston's Ellington Field to Space Center Houston, the official visitor center for the Johnson Space Center, over the course of two nights at the end of April.

"The BIG Move!" Space Center Houston officials wrote on Facebook. "The Shuttle Carrier Aircraft will start its move from Ellington Field to Space Center Houston on April 28." [How NASA Flies Space Shuttles on 747 Jets (Photos)]

To enable its transport, Boeing's Aircraft on Ground (AOG) team partially disassembled the jet, removing its vertical stabilizer (or tail), aft section, engine mounts, and landing gear. The engineers also removed the jet's wings, marking the first time in history that the Boeing team separated a 747 from its wings outside of an aircraft hangar.

The work to take apart the SCA, which is also referred to by its tail number N905NA, or NASA 905 for short, began in mid-February and was finished Wednesday (March 26).

The SCA's fuselage, wings, aft section and other parts will next be loaded on to flatbed transports and trucks for the trip to Space Center Houston.

"To minimize the impact on traffic and local businesses, the move will occur over two nights starting at 9:00 p.m. [CDT]," the center's officials said.

Details of the move and where the public can view it as it happens will be announced soon, but the general plan is to traverse the 8 miles (13 kilometers) over the course of two legs.

On the first night, the convoy will travel from Ellington on Texas State Highway 3 to a staging area on E. Commerce Street, where the aircraft will spend the day (April 29). As night falls, the SCA will continue its trip to Space Center Houston, traveling along NASA Parkway (NASA Road 1).

"The convoy is then expected to arrive early Wednesday morning [April 30]," Space Center Houston officials said.

Once in place, work will commence to reassemble NASA 905 and prepare it for being mounted with a full-size, high-fidelity mockup of the space shuttle. Together, the aircraft and the orbiter "Independence" will form the centerpiece of a new $12 million, six-story public attraction set to open in March 2015.

The "Shuttle and 747 Carrier" exhibit will offer visitors the unique chance to tour inside the SCA and the orbiter atop it. Space Center Houston plans to outfit the jet with state-of-the-art exhibits with a focus on educating the students and the public about the legacy of the space shuttle.

Click through to collectSPACE for a map showing the route the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft will take between Ellington Field and Space Center Houston.

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Robert Z. Pearlman Editor, Contributor

Robert Pearlman is a space historian, journalist and the founder and editor of, an online publication and community devoted to space history with a particular focus on how and where space exploration intersects with pop culture. Pearlman is also a contributing writer for and co-author of "Space Stations: The Art, Science, and Reality of Working in Space” published by Smithsonian Books in 2018. He previously developed online content for the National Space Society and Apollo 11 moonwalker Buzz Aldrin, helped establish the space tourism company Space Adventures and currently serves on the History Committee of the American Astronautical Society, the advisory committee for The Mars Generation and leadership board of For All Moonkind. In 2009, he was inducted into the U.S. Space Camp Hall of Fame in Huntsville, Alabama. In 2021, he was honored by the American Astronautical Society with the Ordway Award for Sustained Excellence in Spaceflight History.