Shoemaker-Levy 9's Co-Discoverer Still Chasing Comets, 20 Years Later

Amateur Astronomer David Levy
Amateur astronomer David Levy delivers a lecture to a branch of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada in Ottawa, May 31, 2013. (Image credit: Elizabeth Howell)

OTTAWA, ONTARIO — Two decades after the comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 slammed into Jupiter, co-discoverer David Levy expressed delight that water in the planet's atmosphere was recently traced back to the colossal collision in 1994.

"I was blown away!" Levy told on May 31. It was as though the comet, he added, "said 'OK, I'm going to do this and you're going to watch', and that was that."

Levy was kicking off a rare eight-city speaking tour in Canada that will see the 65-year-old reminisce about his starry-eyed childhood. He chose to remain an amateur astronomer, but racked up discoveries that earned him accolades from professionals worldwide. [Amazing Comet Photos of 2013 by Stargazers]

With 23 comets to his name, Levy still spends his spare evenings searching for the 24th. He does so despite giant automated telescopes making it tougher for amateurs to spot comets before computers do.

Searching against SOHO's glare

Levy and his fellow observers first spotted Shoemaker-Levy 9 in March 1993 when comparing two camera film frames taken at the California Institute of Technology's Palomar Observatory. A smudge on the film moved, adding another discovery to the team of Levy and astronomers Carolyn and Eugene Shoemaker.

Amateur astronomer David Levy in front of the two "discovery" pictures of Shoemaker-Levy 9. Levy delivered a lecture to a branch of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada in Ottawa, May 31, 2013. (Image credit: Elizabeth Howell)

Before long, scientists realized the massive comet — already torn into pieces by Jupiter's strong gravity — was going to make several direct hits on the planet.

Between July 16-22, 1994, nearly two dozen collisions took place. The sulfur-filled smudges in Jupiter's atmosphere persisted for months and were visible in even amateur telescopes.

Levy and the Shoemakers discovered 13 comets together before Eugene Shoemaker's sudden death in 1997 from a car accident. Levy, invited on the team because he found a bright comet by himself, became adept at quickly loading and reloading the film canisters for images, all to make the most of limited telescope time.

Laughing, Levy said he realized the skill sounds very antiquated these days when CCDs take the pictures, but he was still proud of it.

Today, the Canadian-born amateur astronomer searches for comets from his Arizona backyard with more than a dozen small automated telescopes. Levy uses an additional telescope to peek through the eyepiece himself looking for celestial wanderers.

But can Levy compete with the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO)? Launched in 1995, NASA's sun-gazing observatory has snagged nearly 2,400 comet discoveries to date, according to the Naval Research Laboratory.

Amateurs have reported it is harder to make discoveries with that comet catcher doing its work, but Levy said he is undaunted. "I think it's possible," he added, smiling.

'Hung be the heavens with black'

Levy has never taken an astronomy course, but in 2010 he completed another academic endeavour: defending his Ph.D. in English with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

A stroke hit Levy mid-thesis writing, but the first chapter he completed after his recovery got more praise from professors than those he wrote previously, he said.

The topic was astronomy as described by writers in the time of Shakespeare. The Bard, Levy said, made more references to space in his writings than any other person of his time. Levy's favorite quote is what he believes is a reference to a solar eclipse: "Hung be the heavens with black, yield day to night," read the opening line of Henry VI.

"They had a black curtain in the theater at the time to show the difference between day and night," Levy said, but added that an eclipse is the only time when darkness falls suddenly in nature.

While eclipses are a fascination of Levy's, comets remain an important professional and personal interest of his. "I think that comets are the main item to prove the night sky is not a static thing," Levy said at Ottawa's Royal Astronomical Society of Canada lecture that night.

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Elizabeth Howell
Staff Writer, Spaceflight

Elizabeth Howell (she/her), Ph.D., is a staff writer in the spaceflight channel since 2022 covering diversity, education and gaming as well. She was contributing writer for for 10 years before joining full-time. Elizabeth's reporting includes multiple exclusives with the White House and Office of the Vice-President of the United States, an exclusive conversation with aspiring space tourist (and NSYNC bassist) Lance Bass, speaking several times with the International Space Station, witnessing five human spaceflight launches on two continents, flying parabolic, working inside a spacesuit, and participating in a simulated Mars mission. Her latest book, "Why Am I Taller?", is co-written with astronaut Dave Williams. Elizabeth holds a Ph.D. and M.Sc. in Space Studies from the University of North Dakota, a Bachelor of Journalism from Canada's Carleton University and a Bachelor of History from Canada's Athabasca University. Elizabeth is also a post-secondary instructor in communications and science at several institutions since 2015; her experience includes developing and teaching an astronomy course at Canada's Algonquin College (with Indigenous content as well) to more than 1,000 students since 2020. Elizabeth first got interested in space after watching the movie Apollo 13 in 1996, and still wants to be an astronaut someday. Mastodon: