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Space History Photo: The NACA Test Force

space history, NACA, test aircraft
The NACA aircraft fleet outside a High Speed Flight Station hangar. (Image credit: NACA.)

In this historical photo from the U.S. space agency, the fleet of NACA test aircraft are assembled in front of the hangar at the High Speed Flight Stationin January 1952, (later renamed the Dryden Flight Research Center) in Edwards, California.

The white aircraft in the foreground is a Douglas Aircraft D-558-2 Skyrocket. To its left and right are North American F-86 Sabre chase aircraft. Directly behind the D-558-2 is the P2B-1 Superfortress, (the Navy version of the Air Force B-29). Also known as the "mothership," the P2B-1 carried aloft the D-558-2 Skyrocket under its fuselage. Once reaching altitude, the D-558-2 was released from the "mothership" after which the pilot ignited its onboard rocket engine.

The National Advisory Committe on Aeronautics (NACA) was a precursor to NASA. NACA was created by Congress in 1915.

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The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is the U.S. government agency in charge of the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.