While mostdepictions of extraterrestrials are confined to science fiction, nearlytwo-thirds of Americans believe that some form of alien life existssomewhere in the universe, according to a new survey.
The telephonepoll, which questioned 1,000 Americans, found that 60 percent of those surveyed believe extraterrestriallife exists on other planets.
Of thosewho believed, most agreed that they would be "excited and hopeful" uponlearning of the discovery of extraterrestrial life while 90 percent of themsaid Earth should reply to any message from another planet, the poll reported.At least two-thirds of those polled who said they did not believe in extraterrestriallife also stated that Earth should respond to an alien signal if the situation arose, the surveyreported.
Conductedby the Center for Survey and Research Analysis at the University ofConnecticut, the telephone poll surveyed 523 women and 477 men above the age of18 between April 20 and May 2. The survey was commissioned by the NationalGeographic Channel, which debuted its television special 'Extraterrestrial'on May 30, in association with the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence(SETI) Institute.
"It isquite likely that there is life elsewhere in our galaxy, and there's a realpossibility that we will find evidence of intelligent extraterrestrial life bythe year 2025," said Seth Shostak, senior astronomer for SETI, who appeared in 'Extraterrestrial.'
Shostak, a SPACE.comcontributor, said that the public's interest in the possibility of alien lifecan be seen in instances such as the 1996 announcement by researchers claimingto find evidence of ancient microbes inside a Martian meteorite, which sentshockwaves through media and scientific circles at the time. The find hasremained controversial.
"But itindicates how important it would be to find life, even dead microbial life," saidShostak of the meteorite debate in a telephone interview. "Because it [would] tellyou it is very common."
Of thosepolled who believed in the possibility of extraterrestrial life, 77 percentthought alien lifeforms could develop on planets very different from Earth.About eight of 10 Americans believe it is likely that intelligent aliens onother planets are more advanced than humans, the poll found.
The pollalso reported that belief in alien life did not split across political lines,but did vary depending on religious practices. Democrats and Republicans wereequally likely to believe in life on other planets, while regular churchgoerswere less likely to believe in extraterrestrial life (about 46 percent) thannon-churchgoers (about 70 percent), the poll stated.
"One neverknows what we'll find, but...we'd like to have a very long list of planets thatare suspected of having biology," Shostak said, adding that future spaceobservatories like the Terrestrial Planet Finder would be vital. "If you havethousands and thousands of those [planets], then you'll have a very gooddirection for the SETI experiment."