Humanity will go to Mars 'in this decade,' SpaceX president predicts

SpaceX artist's concept of a city on Mars.
SpaceX artist's concept of a city on Mars. (Image credit: SpaceX)

A crewed Mars mission could happen sooner than you think.

Astronauts will likely make it to the Red Planet's surface before the end of the 2020s, SpaceX President and Chief Operating Officer Gwynne Shotwell told CNBC's Shepard Smith recently.

"I think it will be in this decade, yes. People on the moon, sooner," Shotwell said in the brief interview, which you can watch here

"I think we need to get a large delivery to the surface of Mars, and then people will start thinking harder about it," she added. "And then, I think within five or six years, people will see that that will be a real place to go."

Related: How living on Mars could challenge colonists (infographic)

SpaceX, of course, aims to be the one to make this ambitious vision a reality. The company is developing a huge, reusable rocket-spaceship combo called Starship to take people and payloads to the moon, Mars and beyond.

Starship already has several moon missions on its docket. In 2018, for example, Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa booked the vehicle for a round-the-moon trip with a target launch date of 2023. And NASA picked Starship to be the first crewed lunar lander for its Artemis program, which plans to put astronauts down near the moon's south pole in 2025. 

NASA views Artemis as a moon-to-Mars program and intends to launch a crewed Red Planet mission in 2040 or thereabouts — about a decade later than Shotwell sees boots first crunching into the red dirt.  

SpaceX is working toward a big milestone in Starship's development — the vehicle's first-ever orbital test flight, which the company wants to launch from its South Texas facility, called Starbase, in the near future. That launch cannot happen, however, until the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) wraps up an environmental assessment of the activities at Starbase. 

That review was originally supposed to be done by the end of 2021, but the FAA has pushed its completion back several times, most recently to May 31.

Shotwell's interview with Smith was part of "Inspiring America: The 2022 Inspiration List," a program that will air this weekend across NBCUniversal News Groups' television and streaming networks. Learn more about "Inspiring America" and how to watch it here.

Mike Wall is the author of "Out There" (Grand Central Publishing, 2018; illustrated by Karl Tate), a book about the search for alien life. Follow him on Twitter @michaeldwall. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom or on Facebook.  

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Mike Wall
Senior Space Writer

Michael Wall is a Senior Space Writer with and joined the team in 2010. He primarily covers exoplanets, spaceflight and military space, but has been known to dabble in the space art beat. His book about the search for alien life, "Out There," was published on Nov. 13, 2018. Before becoming a science writer, Michael worked as a herpetologist and wildlife biologist. He has a Ph.D. in evolutionary biology from the University of Sydney, Australia, a bachelor's degree from the University of Arizona, and a graduate certificate in science writing from the University of California, Santa Cruz. To find out what his latest project is, you can follow Michael on Twitter.