Canadian science journalist Bob McDonald said he's always liked the question-and-answer format in books and interviews, because it's what scientists use in their investigations — and it's how kids learn.
So, the host of Canada's national radio station (CBC) show "Quirks and Quarks" created a whole Q&A book to answer questions about space targeted at kids and young teenagers, between ages 8 and 14. It's called "An Earthling's Guide to Outer Space (opens in new tab)" (Simon & Schuster Canada, 2019), and it is available for purchase Tuesday (Oct. 22).
"I just talk to them and use plain language," McDonald told Space.com about speaking with kids. "I try to stay away from all the scientific jargon. It [the book] is not a textbook. It's an introduction to space, and hopefully they'll take it from there."
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McDonald has been popularizing science for kids (and adults) for more than a generation. In the 1980s, he was a docent at the Ontario Science Centre, a major museum in Toronto. After moving into journalism, he hosted "Wonderstruck," a series aimed at teaching children about science, on CBC Television between 1986 and 1992. The inspiration for this new book came from the "Heads Up!" science series, a kids' show he hosted on Canadian educational station TVOntario between 2005 and 2008.
McDonald is also a bestselling science author, with titles such as "Canadian Spacewalkers (opens in new tab)" (Douglas & McIntyre, 2014) and "Measuring the Earth With a Stick (opens in new tab)" (Puffin Canada, 2001). For his latest book, he decided to take a "participational approach" to encourage kids not only to read the information, but also to conduct science experiments based on some ideas in the book. One fun idea is constructing a garbage can "gravity well," for example.
McDonald said the more theoretical questions were also a lot of fun, such as the chapter about figuring out Earth's cosmic address. "It took us a long time to figure that out and where we actually live," he said, adding that, for millennia, most people believed Earth was at the center of the universe. It took even more time to wrap our heads around the fact that there are galaxies other than our own and that the universe is 13.8 billion years old.
While the technology for teaching kids may have changed in the last 40 years, McDonald said that kids haven't changed from when he started teaching them in the 1980s. "The difference is there's so much information available that they can find something on their phone, but it doesn't always stick," he said. The book is meant to encourage kids to think beyond memorizing facts and to come to a real understanding of how the universe works, he said.
McDonald recalled a letter he received from a parental fan of "Wonderstruck" who watched one of the regular kitchen-demonstration segments on the show that McDonald did in his own home. "They said, 'Thank you for the program. The beauty of your show is it keeps teaching after the television is turned off.'" He said that he hopes the same thing will happen with the new book.
Buy "An Earthling's Guide to Outer Space: Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Black Holes, Dwarf Planets, Aliens, and More" (Simon & Schuster Canada, 2019) by Bob McDonald on Amazon.com (opens in new tab). The hardcover is $24.99, and it's also available on Kindle for $12.99.
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