Astronauts aboard the International Space Station have snagged a SpaceX Dragon supply spacecraft, which reached the station today (July 20) after two days spent catching up to the station.
At 6:56 a.m. EDT (1056 GMT), NASA astronaut Jeff Williams, the space station's current commander, used the 57.7-foot (17.6 meters) Canadarm2 robotic arm to grab the incoming craft as it rendezvoused with the space station. Williams was assisted by NASA astronaut Kate Rubins and Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency astronaut Takuya Onishi.
Over the next hours, ground controllers will direct the arm from Johnson Space Center in Houston, to install the craft on the Earth-facing side of the space station. Then, the crew will pressurize the area between the craft and the station and open the hatch, and they'll unload the craft over the course of the next five weeks.
The Dragon spacecraft, which launched on a Falcon 9 rocket Monday (July 18), comes packed with nearly 4,000 lbs. (1,800 kilograms) of supplies and hardware for the crew of six on board the space station, along with scientific equipment and research samples for the more than 250 experiments happening in the orbiting lab. (New experiments making their way on board include space's first DNA sequencer, beating heart cells and a spacecraft temperature regulation device.)
An additional massive piece of equipment, adding more than 1,000 lbs. (450 kg), is riding along in a separate compartment on Dragon (its "trunk") — the first of two International Docking Adapters that will let crewed spacecraft dock with the station's U.S. segment for the first time since space shuttles visited. (At first, that will include Boeing's CST-100 Starliner and a crewed version of SpaceX's Dragon, but the dock is standardized so that many future vehicles can visit.) NASA will use the robotic arm to pull out the adapter and position it near the port it will go on, and it will be up to spacewalking astronauts to affix it to its new location.
Dragon will detach from the space station on Aug. 29, bringing more than 3,300 lbs. (1,500 kg) of science to analyze and other supplies back to splash down in the Pacific Ocean. Russia's Progress 64 spacecraft — which arrived at the space station Monday night (July 18), several hours after Dragon launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida — will stick around for more than six months, NASA officials have said.
Get the Space.com Newsletter
Breaking space news, the latest updates on rocket launches, skywatching events and more!
Sarah Lewin started writing for Space.com in June of 2015 as a Staff Writer and became Associate Editor in 2019 . Her work has been featured by Scientific American, IEEE Spectrum, Quanta Magazine, Wired, The Scientist, Science Friday and WGBH's Inside NOVA. Sarah has an MA from NYU's Science, Health and Environmental Reporting Program and an AB in mathematics from Brown University. When not writing, reading or thinking about space, Sarah enjoys musical theatre and mathematical papercraft. She is currently Assistant News Editor at Scientific American. You can follow her on Twitter @SarahExplains.