Mission Accomplished! 747-Space Shuttle Exhibit Launches in Houston

Space Shuttle/Carrier Aircraft Exhibit Opens in Houston
Fireworks mark the opening of Independence Plaza, Space Center Houston's new $12 million attraction, on Jan. 23, 2016. (Image credit: collectSPACE.com)

HOUSTON — Under a banner proclaiming "Mission Accomplished," Space Center Houston officials celebrated on Saturday (Jan. 23) the opening of Independence Plaza, a new $12 million exhibit featuring NASA's historic space shuttle-carrying jumbo jet topped by a full-size mockup of the iconic winged orbiters.

With astronauts in attendance and flag-carrying skydivers having just landed nearby, the officials counted down to a spectacular daytime fireworks display to launch the eight-story-tall exhibit and welcome the public to begin boarding both vehicles.

"With the ability to walk through both [vehicles], you will experience a behind-the-scenes look at life in the shuttle era," said Richard Allen, the president and CEO of Space Center Houston. "It is a visitor experience that can't be found anywhere else in the world.” [Photo Gallery: First Look at Houston's New 747-Shuttle Exhibit]

The centerpiece of Space Center Houston's Independence Plaza is NASA's original Shuttle Carrier Aircraft. Known by its tail number, NASA 905, the modified Boeing 747 jetliner was first used during tests in the late 1970s to prove that the orbiters could land safely back on Earth. It then ferried the shuttles piggyback across the United States, returning them to Florida from their landing sites and delivering them for servicing between missions.

Mounted atop NASA 905 is "Independence," a high fidelity, full-size shuttle mockup outfitted with a detailed interior of the cockpit, crew cabin and payload bay.

A Re/Max skydiver, trailing an American flag, soars over the space shuttle Independence at Space Center Houston on Jan. 23, 2016. (Image credit: collectSPACE.com)

"Space Center Houston has transformed the space shuttle exhibit. It is fully interactive, hands-on and is real," stated Fred Griffin, chairman of the board of the Manned Space Flight Education Foundation, the nonprofit organization that owns and operates the space center. "Other cities may show a space shuttle, but in Houston we can experience it and walk in it, and we can touch it."

"When people go to New York City, they see the Statue of Liberty, in Paris, the Eiffel Tower and in Sydney, the Opera House. In Houston, it will be Independence Plaza," Griffin continued. "The image of Independence Plaza is destined to become iconic."

On Saturday, guests with timed tickets waited to enter the mock shuttle's flight- and mid-decks, as even more queued to board elevators and ascend the access tower to board the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft for the first time. Once a mostly-empty shell, with the exception of added beams needed to support the weight of the orbiter, the fuselage of NASA 905 now houses a museum of hands-on exhibits.

"This magnificent, interactive display — the largest single artifact of the 30-year shuttle program — will continue to inspire future generations, and indeed many who visit this exhibit will become tomorrow's flight controllers, engineers, astronauts and scientists leading us into deep space," said Congressman Brian Babin (TX-36), who presented Space Center Houston with an American flag flown over the U.S. Capitol Building in honor of Independence Plaza.

"I would like to congratulate you at Space Center Houston and the entire team who envisioned this display and made it happen," Babin said.

The plaza's leading sponsor is the Boeing Company, which originally built the jumbo jet and the space shuttle on which the replica Independence is based. In addition to financial support, Boeing provided its Aircraft on Ground engineers to disassemble and reassemble the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft as was needed to transport the giant airplane from the nearby Ellington Airport to the space center.

"It was no small feat," said John Elbon, vice president and general manager of Boeing's Space Exploration division. "In fact, it was the first time in the history of the Aircraft on Ground team that they removed the wings of a 747 [in the field]. Special tooling and procedures were created just for that project."

NASA's retired space shuttle orbiters are on display at the Smithsonian and at museums in California, New York and Florida, states that all made contributions to the program. But it was in Houston where it all began and was based.

"Houston is the home of our country's human spaceflight program, and so I am so excited that today we are opening Independence Plaza," Ellen Ochoa, the director of NASA's Johnson Space Center and a space shuttle astronaut who flew four missions, said. "Johnson Space Center designed and developed the space shuttle — including the concept of the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft — and we are the center that trained for and carried out all 135 shuttle missions."

"Together, this aircraft and shuttle orbiter make an iconic display that Houston can proudly showcase to the world," Ochoa said. "A display I believe is destined to become the number one Texas attraction."

See full coverage of Space Center Houston's Independence Plaza at collectSPACE.com.

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Robert Z. Pearlman
collectSPACE.com Editor, Space.com Contributor

Robert Pearlman is a space historian, journalist and the founder and editor of collectSPACE.com, an online publication and community devoted to space history with a particular focus on how and where space exploration intersects with pop culture. Pearlman is also a contributing writer for Space.com and co-author of "Space Stations: The Art, Science, and Reality of Working in Space” published by Smithsonian Books in 2018. He previously developed online content for the National Space Society and Apollo 11 moonwalker Buzz Aldrin, helped establish the space tourism company Space Adventures and currently serves on the History Committee of the American Astronautical Society, the advisory committee for The Mars Generation and leadership board of For All Moonkind. In 2009, he was inducted into the U.S. Space Camp Hall of Fame in Huntsville, Alabama. In 2021, he was honored by the American Astronautical Society with the Ordway Award for Sustained Excellence in Spaceflight History.