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How to Find Pluto in the Night Sky: July 1

Pluto Sky Map July 1, 2015
This chart shows Pluto’s position this week as seen at 1 a.m. EDT in binoculars. (Image credit: <a href="http://astronomy.starrynight.com/">Starry Night Software</a>)

On July 14, a NASA space probe will make a close flyby of Pluto and send back unprecedented images and data from its surface.

In anticipation of the New Horizons flyby, this sky chart can help you find Pluto in the night sky (with the assistance of a high power telescope).

The first chart shows the positions of Pluto and New Horizons relative to three bright stars in Sagittarius, Omicron, Xi1 and Xi2.

The second chart shows Pluto's position as seen through a high power telescope eyepiece with a field of view of 15 arc minutes. Pluto is moving from left to right. The first dot (labeled "Pluto") shows its position at 2 a.m. EDT (0600 GMT) on Thursday (July 2), and the remaining dots show its position at the same time through the morning of July 8.

The position of the New Horizons probe is also shown in the chart, and the chart shows how it is zeroing in on Pluto. Of course, New Horizons is too small and far away to be visible even in the largest telescopes, but it's interesting to see how close it is getting.

This chart shows Pluto’s position this week as seen at 1 a.m. EDT in a high power eyepiece. (Image credit: Starry Night Software)

New Horizons is the first probe to study Pluto up close, and no telescopes currently in operation can resolve the dim, distant dwarf planet well enough to get a good look at its surface features and composition. New Horizons' most recent images of Pluto and its five moons are already beginning to reveal never-before-seen details of this strange system.

After New Horizons passes by Pluto, the spacecraft will travel deeper into the Kuiper belt, a region of icy bodies beyond Neptune, where it may select another object to study. Only four other space probes have ever traveled into that distant region.

This article was provided to Space.com by Simulation Curriculum, the leader in space science curriculum solutions and the makers of Starry Night and SkySafari. Follow Starry Night on Twitter @StarryNightEdu. Follow us @Spacedotcom, Facebook and Google+. Original article on Space.com.

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Geoff Gaherty

Geoff Gaherty was Space.com's Night Sky columnist and in partnership with Starry Night software and a dedicated amateur astronomer who sought to share the wonders of the night sky with the world. Based in Canada, Geoff studied mathematics and physics at McGill University and earned a Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Toronto, all while pursuing a passion for the night sky and serving as an astronomy communicator. He credited a partial solar eclipse observed in 1946 (at age 5) and his 1957 sighting of the Comet Arend-Roland as a teenager for sparking his interest in amateur astronomy. In 2008, Geoff won the Chant Medal from the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, an award given to a Canadian amateur astronomer in recognition of their lifetime achievements. Sadly, Geoff passed away July 7, 2016 due to complications from a kidney transplant, but his legacy continues at Starry Night.