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Secrets of Sun Super-Tornadoes Revealed (Gallery)

Observational Signature of a Magnetic Tornado

Scullion, Wedemeyer-Böhm et al.

Intensity image recorded with the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope in the line core of the spectral line of singly ionised calcium (infrared triplet, wavelength 854.2 nm). The detected chromospheric swirl (dark ring) is the observational signature of a magnetic tornado. Image released June 27, 2012.

Illustration of an Observed Magnetic Tornado Vortex

Scullion & Wedemeyer-Böhm; NASA

Illustration of an observed magnetic tornado vortex in the solar atmosphere. The background image was recorded with NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, while the stacked images were obtained with the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope (Canary Isl.). The bluish images reveal the swirl signature of a magnetic tornado. We include a map of Europe to scale. Image released June 27, 2012.

3D Numerical Simulations of a Magnetic Tornado

Wedemeyer-Böhm et al./Image produced with VAPOR

Visualisation of a close-up region in our advanced 3D numerical simulations of a magnetic tornado in the solar atmosphere. The spiral lines represent the velocity field in the tornado vortex. The images contain the observed swirl signature (top, bluish) and the Sun's surface (bottom, reddish). Image released June 27, 2012.

Close-Up Region in a Magnetic Tornado

Wedemeyer-Böhm/Image produced with VAPOR

Visualisation of a close-up region in our advanced 3D numerical simulations of a magnetic tornado in the solar atmosphere. The green lines represent the velocity field in the tornado vortex, the red lines represent the magnetic field. The simulated Sun surface is in grey-scale. Image released June 27, 2012.

Schematic View of Magnetic Tornado

Wedemeyer-Böhm/Parts of the image produced with VAPOR

Schematic view of the atmospheric layers of the Sun, the extent of simulated magnetic tornado, and the resulting net energy transport. Image released June 27, 2012.

Granulation Pattern and Swirl Signature

Wedemeyer-Böhm/Image produced with VAPOR

isualisation of a close-up region in our advanced 3D numerical simulations. The red mostly vertical lines represent the magnetic field, whereas the spiral lines represent the streamlines of the ionized gas in the magnetic tornado. The lower plane shows the granulation pattern of the solar surface and the magnetic footpoints (red), whereas the swirl signature (pink ring) can be seen on the top. Image released June 27, 2012.

Visualisation of a Close-Up Region

Wedemeyer-Böhm/Image produced with VAPOR

Visualisation of a close-up region in our advanced 3D numerical simulations. The red mostly vertical lines represent the magnetic field, whereas the spiral lines represent the streamlines of the ionized gas in the magnetic tornado. The lower plane shows the granulation pattern of the solar surface and the magnetic footpoints (red), whereas the swirl signature (pink ring) can be seen on the top. Image released June 27, 2012.

Group Photo of International Research Collaboration

SDO, NASA (Background image)

Group photo (montage) with all members of the international research collaboration who made the discovery. From left to right: Dr. J. de la Cruz Rodriguez, Dr. L. Rouppe van der Voort, Dr. O. Steiner, Dr. S. Wedemeyer-Böhm, Dr. E. Scullion, Prof. Dr. R. Erdélyi, Dr. V. Fedun. Image released June 27, 2012.

First Four Authors

Scullion, Wedemeyer-Böhm et al.

The first four authors in front of the Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Oslo, Norway. From left to right: Dr. Oskar Steiner, Dr. Luc Rouppe van der Voort, Dr. Sven Wedemeyer-Böhm and Dr. Eamon Scullion. Image released June 27, 2012.

First Example of a Tornado in a Numerical Simulation of a Cool Star

Wedemeyer-Böhm/Image produced with VAPOR

First example of a tornado in a numerical simulation of a cool star with a surface temperature of 3200 K (compared to the Sun with 5780 K). This unpublished result will be presented for the first time at the 17th Cambridge Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems and the Sun on June 28th, 2012, in Barcelona, Spain. Image released June 27, 2012.

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