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Photos: Red Planet Views from Europe's Mars Express

Mars' Eberswalde Crater Used to be Lake

ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

The Eberswalde crater on Mars (smaller semicircle on right) used to be a water-filled lake, satellite data reveal. On the left is the larger Holden crater, which impacted later.

Martian Volcano Tharsis Tholus in Perspective 4

ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

Martian volcano Tharsis Tholus towers miles almost 5 miles (8 km) above the surrounding terrain. The image was created using a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) obtained from the High Resolution Stereo Camera on ESA's Mars Express spacecraft. Elevation data from the DTM is color-coded: Purple indicates the lowest lying regions and beige the highest. The scale is in meters. In these images, the relief has been exaggerated by a factor of three.

Mars Ebserswalde Crater Delta

ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

Telltale delta features, such as squiggly lines that represent water feeder channels, can be seen in this Mars Express photo of Eberswalde Crater on the Red Planet.

Holden Crater in Perspective

SA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

Holden crater stretches 87 miles (140 km) across. It is located in the southern highlands of Mars. This perspective image was acquired by Mars Express on August 15, 2009.

Battered Martian Volcano Tharsis Tholus

ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

Tharsis Tholus towers almost 5 miles (8 km) above the surrounding terrain of Mars. Its base stretches 96 x 77 miles (155 x 125 km), and is unusual in its battered condition. The main feature of Tharsis Tholus is the caldera at its centre. It has an almost circular outline, about 20 x 21 miles (32 x 34 km), and is ringed by faults where the caldera floor has subsided by as much as 1.6 miles (2.7 km). The image was created using a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) obtained data taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera on ESA's Mars Express spacecraft during four orbits of Mars between October 28 and November 13, 2004. Elevation data from the DTM is color-coded: Purple indicates the lowest lying regions and beige the highest. The scale is in meters.

Tharsis Tholus in Context

NASA MGS MOLA Science Team

In this wider contextual image of the region surrounding Tharsis Tholus, the rectangles show the region covered in this Mars Express HRSC image release. The area is situated at approximately 13°N/268°E.

Ancient Lake: Mars Ebserswalde Crater

ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

Mars' 3.7 billion-year-old Eberswalde crater can be seen here in relief. The crater offer more proof that liquid water once flowed on Mars.

Martian Volcano Tharsis Tholus in Perspective 2

ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

Martian volcano Tharsis Tholus towers miles almost 5 miles (8 km) above the surrounding terrain. The image was created using a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) obtained from the High Resolution Stereo Camera on ESA's Mars Express spacecraft. Elevation data from the DTM is color-coded: Purple indicates the lowest lying regions and beige the highest. The scale is in meters. In these images, the relief has been exaggerated by a factor of three.

Tagus Valles Topography on Mars

ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

This color-coded overhead view of Mars is based on an ESA Mars Express High-Resolution Stereo Camera digital terrain model of the region to the north of Hesperia Planum, including part of the Tagus Valles. It was taken on January. The photo was taken on January 15, 2013.

Juventae Chasma Topography on Mars

ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum)

Color-coded topography map of Juventae Chasma on Mars. White and red show the highest terrains, while blue and purple show the deepest. Image released Dec. 12, 2013.

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