Russian Cosmonauts to Take Spacewalk Today

Backdropped by rugged Earth terrain, the International Space Station is featured in this image photographed by an STS-130 crew member on space shuttle Endeavour after the station and shuttle began their post-undocking relative separation.
The International Space Station is primarily a science laboratory in space. NASA would like to invest in ventures beyond Earth orbit, but industry leaders fear what will happen if the agency pulls out its investment in the station before a commercial options is available. (Image credit: NASA)

Two Russian cosmonauts will float outside the International Space Station on Wednesday (Aug. 3) to install an experimental laser-based communications system and release an amateur ham radio satellite into space.

Cosmonauts Sergei Volkov and Alexander Samokutyaev are scheduled to exit the space station's Pirs airlock at 10:30 a.m. EDT (1430 GMT) to begin a six-hour spacewalk. It will be Volkov's third time working on the exterior of the station and Samokutyaev's first. Both cosmonauts will wear Russian Orlan-MK spacesuits marked with blue stripes.

The duo's first task will be to release a boxy, 57-pound satellite, known as ARISSat-1 or Radioskaf-V. The satellite was designed and built by amateur radio operators to help drum up interest in scientific and technological careers among students.

The deployment of ARISSat-1 is the first test flight of a proposed series of small educational satellites developed as a cooperative effort between NASA, the Radio Amateur Satellite Corp. (AMSAT), Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS), and the Russian Federal Space Agency.

From the classroom to space

Using ham radio equipment in classrooms, students and teachers will be able to gain access to data from the satellite. ARISSat-1 will transmit still-frame video Earth views from four onboard cameras, voice recordings of commemorative greetings in the native languages from students around the world, including messages celebrating the 50th anniversary of Yuri Gagarin's flight that marked the first human in space.

Students from all over the world also submitted images that currently stored onboard the satellite as part of its payload.

The satellite will also collect readings from a sensor that is part of a Russian science experiment that aims to measure the pressure in Earth's lower atmosphere.

ARISSat-1 is also carrying a Morse code tracking beacon that will allow amateur ham radio operators worldwide to follow along.

Volkov and Samokutyaev are scheduled to release the ARISSat-1 satellite into space at around 11:07 a.m. EDT (1507 GMT).

Upgrades to the space station

The spacewalkers will then install an experimental laser-based system designed to transmit data at extremely high speeds to Earth from Russian science experiments. The barbecue grill-shaped system will be installed on a work platform outside the Russian Zvezda service module just behind its solar arrays.

Volkov and Samokutyaev will then take photographs of an antenna nearby that is not performing as expected. The pictures will be sent back to Earth to help engineers pinpoint the issue.

The spacewalkers will next retrieve an obsolete antenna that was originally used to help spacecraft dock to the Poisk module on the station's Russian segment. Since the antenna is no longer needed, Volkov and Samokutyaev will bring it back inside the station with them. [Building the International Space Station]

The next major task of the spacewalk involves moving a cargo boom from one docking compartment to another. This laborious task is expected to take nearly three hours to complete. Once the cargo boom has been installed at its new location, space station residents will be able to use it like a fishing rod to move larger components around on the outside of the space station's Russian segment.

The final task of the day will be to retrieve an experiment and install it outside the Pirs module. The experiment, called Biorisk, will examine the effects of bacteria and fungus on structural materials used to build spacecraft. The experiment will focus on how solar activity may influence the growth of these microbes.

The next Russian spacewalk is currently scheduled to occur in February 2012.

Coverage of the Russian spacewalk begins at 10:00 a.m. EDT (1400 GMT) on NASA TV. Watch LIVE here.

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Denise Chow
NBC News science writer

Denise Chow is a former staff writer who then worked as assistant managing editor at Live Science before moving to NBC News as a science reporter, where she focuses on general science and climate change. She spent two years with, writing about rocket launches and covering NASA's final three space shuttle missions, before joining the Live Science team in 2013. A Canadian transplant, Denise has a bachelor's degree from the University of Toronto, and a master's degree in journalism from New York University. At NBC News, Denise covers general science and climate change.